Sioux Falls Atheists
Sioux Falls Atheists and Atheism, Agnostics and Humanism

Medieval Religious Europe Courses
Endorsed by Sioux Falls Atheists

Sioux Falls Atheists recommends the following courses on Medieval Europe showing how religion controlled every aspect of people's lives. How monotheistic religious authority was responsible for some of the worst atrocities in human history.

The courses are all available from TheGreatCourses.com. They can be expensive but they are often on sale for 30% of the regular listed price. The course links on the following pages point to the course location at The Great Courses.

Sioux Falls Atheists enthusiastically endorse the 9 Medieval Religious Europe courses, 5 documentaries, 6 books and 1 novel described on the following 20 pages:

8-27-17 Medieval London was the most violent place in England
Medieval London was the most violent place in England
A look at skulls from English cemeteries shows that young lower-class males in Medieval London enforced the rule of law with blows to the head. And you thought Game of Thrones was rough. Lower-class young men in medieval London were subjected to extreme levels of violence, far worse than other parts of medieval England. “It appears that violence in medieval London may have been largely tied to sex and social status,” says archaeologist Kathryn Krakowka at the University of Oxford. Krakowka analyzed 399 skulls from six London cemeteries dating from AD 1050 to 1550. Some were monastic cemeteries, which would have cost money and were more often used by the upper classes. Others were free parish cemeteries used by the lower classes. She found that 6.8 per cent of all skulls examined showed some kind of violence-related trauma. Males from 26 to 35 years old were particularly affected. About 25 per cent of the skull injuries occurred near the time of death, suggesting the people died from blows to their heads. High levels of violence are evident in cemeteries from other parts of medieval Europe such as Croatia, Krakowka says, which in one study showed a whopping 20.1 per cent of individuals had cranial fractures. But the London cemeteries she dug into had a violence rate roughly double that elsewhere in England. In a pair of cemeteries in York – also a major city at this time – only 2.4 and 3.6 per cent of skulls had fractures, respectively. What’s more, Krakowka found an effect that seemed to be associated with class. A much higher percentage of skulls in the lower-class parish cemeteries had signs of trauma compared with those in the monastic cemeteries.

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Medieval Religious Europe Courses
Endorsed by Sioux Falls Atheists