Sioux Falls Atheists
Sioux Falls Atheists and Atheism, Agnostics and Humanism

78 Atheism & Humanism News Articles
for April 2019
Click on the links below to get the full story from its source

4-19-19 Five numbers that explain US border crisis
As the number of migrant arrivals at the US southern border increases, the Trump administration has taken measures with an aim to deter the migration. Now, US Attorney General William Barr has moved to expand indefinite detention for asylum seekers who have proven a credible fear for their safety. Here's what you need to know.

4-19-19 'How the Columbine school shooting changed my life'
Twenty years on from the Columbine school shooting, those who survived are still deeply impacted by what happened. Twelve students and a teacher were killed in the massacre in Colorado on 20 April 1999. It shocked the nation. Frank DeAngelis was the school principal. He begins each day by saying the names of the 13 victims. Samantha Haviland was a student at the time, and still suffers from PTSD and survivor's guilt. She has a message for the growing number of school shooting survivors in the US.

4-18-19 U.S. Church Membership Down Sharply in Past Two Decades
As Christian and Jewish Americans prepare to celebrate Easter and Passover, respectively, Gallup finds the percentage of Americans who report belonging to a church, synagogue or mosque at an all-time low, averaging 50% in 2018. U.S. church membership was 70% or higher from 1937 through 1976, falling modestly to an average of 68% in the 1970s through the 1990s. The past 20 years have seen an acceleration in the drop-off, with a 20-percentage-point decline since 1999 and more than half of that change occurring since the start of the current decade.

  • Half of Americans are church members, down from 70% in 1999
  • Most of the decline attributable to increase in percentage with no religion
  • Membership has fallen nine points among those who are religious

4-18-19 What Donald Trump has said about Jews
nti-Semitism is on the rise. One major force behind this increase is surely President Donald Trump, who has frequently pushed anti-Semitic tropes and conspiracy theories, and repeatedly refused to condemn anti-Semites. Let's review some history, broken into four categories. In the recent controversy over Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-Minn.) criticizing Israel, conservatives accused her of perpetuating anti-Semitic tropes about Jews having "dual loyalty" to Israel. While she never actually said anything like that, as Eli Valley points out, she could have phrased her comments better to avoid causing unnecessary offense (and indeed she has done so since that time). But Trump has said something far, far worse than even what the most bad-faith critics of Omar accused her of saying. In a speech before the Republican Jewish Coalition in April, he said that recently reelected Benjamin Netanyahu was "your prime minister." Instead of implying dual loyalty, he all but said Jews aren't actually Americans at all, because they have single loyalty to Israel. As Josh Marshall writes, it's "as though American Jews are somehow an expat community of Israelis resident in the United States." (The conservatives who had a purple-faced screaming fit about Omar mysteriously didn't raise a fuss about this.) One of the oldest stereotypes about Jews is that they are all money-grubbing chislers — a prejudice that was at the root of countless medieval pogroms. Trump has implied or straight-up said this many times. In a 1991 book, John O'Donnell, the former president of the Trump Plaza Hotel & Casino, said Trump had told him: "Black guys counting my money! I hate it. The only kind of people I want counting my money are short guys that wear yarmulkes every day." He later called O'Donnell a "loser" in an interview with Playboy, but allowed that, "The stuff O'Donnell wrote about me is probably true." When asked by Jake Tapper in February 2016 to denounce former KKK Grand Wizard David Duke, Trump refused, saying "I just don't know anything about him." (Though he did grudgingly disavow his endorsement at other times.) After the extreme right-wing rally at Charlottesville in August 2017, where torch-wielding mobs chanted "Jews will not replace us," and one neo-Nazi terrorist drove his car into a crowd, injuring 19 people and killing one, Trump at first condemned the extreme right. But the next day he walked back his own statement, insisting that the violence was also the fault of the "alt-left," and defended the rally attendees, saying there were "some very fine people on both sides." Probably the worst anti-Semitic propaganda Trump has pushed is the classic conspiracy theory that Jews control world politics and the global economy. In the last days of the 2016 campaign, he rolled out an ad featuring three rich Jews — then-Federal Reserve Board Chair Janet Yellen, Goldman Sachs CEO Lloyd Blankfein, and financier George Soros — over a narration decrying "those who control the levers of power in Washington," and the "global special interests" who "partner with these people who don't have your good in mind." The obvious implication is that Hillary Clinton is a cat's paw for a global Jewish conspiracy. As Josh Marshall writes, "These are standard anti-Semitic themes and storylines, using established anti-Semitic vocabulary." Trump has focused particular ire on George Soros in this vein. He baselessly accused him of funding protesters of Trump's Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh, and suggested Soros could be funding the refugee caravan — lending credence to the conspiracy theory that world Jewry is conspiring to bring immigrants into the United States to replace white people (thus the "Jews will not replace us" chant referenced above).

4-18-19 Immigrants pave the way for the gentrification of black neighborhoods
A study shows Asian and Hispanic immigrants alter U.S. neighborhood demographics. Many think of gentrification today as wealthy, white millennials moving into low-income, minority neighborhoods and driving up housing costs. Yet a new study suggests that another group may play a key role in the process: immigrants. Gentrification, in which affluent outsiders settle and renovate rundown neighborhoods, generally decreases in white neighborhoods when immigrants from Asia and Latin America move in. The opposite is true in black neighborhoods, where rising immigrant numbers increase the odds an area will be gentrified. “Changing the ethnoracial composition might make neighborhoods seem more amenable for [white] people to move in,” suggests study coauthor and sociologist Jackelyn Hwang of Stanford University, who presented her findings April 11 at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America in Austin, Texas. Wealthy and middle-class whites fled the nation’s cities for racially homogenous suburbs in the 1950s and ’60s. Then over the next few decades, they slowly returned to cities to be closer to jobs and other amenities. That return triggered the gentrification of urban communities, initially in predominately white and other nonblack neighborhoods. By the 1990s, though, whites were also moving to predominately black neighborhoods. In 2015, Hwang showed that, even in the 1970s and ’80s, black neighborhoods were more likely to be gentrified following the arrival of Asian and Hispanic immigrants. With the number of U.S. immigrants growing from 9.7 million in 1970 to 42.4 million in 2014, Hwang suspected her earlier observations might still hold true.

4-17-19 US ruling to expand indefinite detention for some asylum seekers
Asylum seekers who have proven a credible fear of for their safety will no longer be able to ask a judge for bond, the justice department says. US Attorney General William Barr's decision means more migrants can be indefinitely detained while they wait for their cases to be heard. The policy will be delayed for 90 days to allow officials to prepare for overcrowding in detention facilities. Activists denounced the decision and vowed to fight it in court. The US Justice Department oversees the country's immigration court system, which means Mr Barr has the authority to issue precedent-setting judgments on immigration enforcement. This judgment, which overturns a George W Bush-era policy from 2005, is Mr Barr's first ruling on immigration since taking office. The move is seen as an effort to end what President Donald Trump describes as a "catch-and-release" policy towards illegal immigrants. The decision overturns a policy that allowed migrants who illegally crossed into the US between official crossing points to apply for bond release after they proved to asylum officers they had a credible fear of persecution or torture if they returned to their country. But under the new ruling, those migrants must be now kept in detention as they await the outcome of their trial. Many immigration cases can take over several years to be processed, experts say, due to a historically high backlog in cases. According to US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (Ice) - agency responsible for detaining and deporting immigrants in the country illegally - the average daily population of immigrants in detention was over 46,000 for the 2019 fiscal year. The figure is the highest level the agency has seen since its creation in 2003. (Webmaster's comment: They come to us for help and we lock them up forever! We are not a good or nice nation!)

4-17-19 Gun that launches cord to wrap around assailant used for first time
US police have successfully used a gun that fires a cord to bind the assailant’s limbs for the first time. Earlier this month, police in Fort Worth, Texas, were called to deal with an armed suspect barricaded in a house. Tear gas forced the suspect into the open, and officers then used the gun, called the BolaWrap, to prevent him from fleeing. The BolaWrap is pistol-sized and has a laser pointer for aiming. It fires a 2.5 metre Kevlar cord up to 8 metres away, which wraps around the target, impeding movement. The cord has fishhook-like barbs at either end which attach to clothing, securing it in place. The BolaWrap’s name comes from the weighted bolas thrown by South America gauchos to capture running cattle or birds. Like the bolas, it is typically aimed at a target’s legs, which is what happened in the Fort Worth incident. Police say that while the suspect was attempting to remove the BolaWrap, officers overpowered him and took him into custody. Sixteen US police departments are testing the device, developed by Las Vegas-based Wrap Technologies, but this is the first time it has been used in action. BolaWrap is intended to prevent a situation from escalating. While Tasers and pepper spray inflict pain and may provoke a violent response, BolaWrap simply holds the suspect in place. “It’s like handcuffs, from a distance,” says Judah Meiteles of Wrap Technologies. However, there are potential hazards. Any device like this could be dangerous at extremely short range. There are also real concerns over accuracy and the risks posed to the face, head and neck, says Oliver Feeley-Sprague at human rights charity Amnesty International. Training will be important to use the device safely, he says.

4-16-19 The grave dangers of Trump's 'patriotic correctness'
Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-Minn.) misspoke. In a speech about Islam and civil liberties in America, she described the 9/11 attacks with a phrase — "some people did something" — far too casual. In context, Omar's words were an inartful expression of a legitimate frustration: that, in the wake of this horror, the U.S. security state went into hyperdrive, and the rights of the innocent many were violated because of the abhorrent deeds of the guilty few. Out of context, her words have become a jingoistic cause célèbre. Naturally, President Trump got in on the action, tweeting a video which juxtaposed Omar's phrase with graphic footage of the terror attacks. Omar reported receiving a "sharp increase" in death threats after the tweet, many of them explicitly referencing Trump's post. But, presented with this information by a local reporter while visiting Omar's home state on Monday, the president was unconcerned. He had no second thoughts about the tweet, Trump said, "not at all." Omar has "got a way about her that's very, very bad, I think, for our country," he continued. "I think she's extremely unpatriotic and extremely disrespectful to our country." The logic here is stunning: For those who demonstrate insufficient patriotism, death threats are no problem. In fact, they may even be appropriate. Fail to adequately perform uncritical affection for the United States and it will be noticed and punished. Real Americans police each other's patriotism, Trump seems to be saying, and those who are "extremely unpatriotic and extremely disrespectful to our country" cannot expect to get off scot-free. Of course, it goes without saying that controversial speech will have consequences. Omar could not anticipate — and I very much doubt she did anticipate — that her speech would be met with universal agreement or even silence from those who don't share her views. No politician with a national profile would be naive enough to imagine she could avoid confrontation; in this very speech, in fact, Omar called on American Muslims to be willing to "make people uncomfortable" in their civil rights activism if necessary. But there is a chasm between the consequences Omar could have rightfully expected (criticism, denunciation, lost votes, lost office) and those she got (death threats, fueled in part by a tweet from the president, who does not regret his role in inspiring what are hopefully empty menaces to Omar's life). The former is appropriate and normal — part of participating in public conversation in a country like ours. The latter is what happens when patriotism goes awry, when devotion to the nation-state takes a turn toward the idolatrous, when we stop wanting what is best for our communities and simply want to be the best, unchallenged by even what is intended as constructive critique.

4-16-19 The Notre Dame fire and the power of silent reverence
The only good response to this tragedy was quiet reflection. Unfortunately, culture warriors had other plans.. A fire ignited in the 856-year-old Notre Dame cathedral on Monday, blazing through the twilight hours and into the night. Millions watched in horror — on television, online, on the streets and bridges of Paris — as the historic building's roof burned and its spire collapsed. For many, this tragedy was met with reverence. Unfortunately, it didn't take long for opportunistic attention-seekers to leverage the moment for their own nihilistic purposes. We now have a specific script that takes over whenever tragedy occurs, and the Notre Dame fire offered a fresh chance for cultural warriors in America and abroad to play their assigned roles, to dreary effect. It started with the conspiracy theorists. It appears the fire was an accident, the product of age and neglect. But within minutes, conspiracy theorists sprang into action. Fox News interviewed a "French official" who proclaimed the conflagration to be "the French 9/11." That "official" turned out to be a well-known conspiracy theorist. Fox cut him off quickly, to the network's credit, but it was far from the only case of rumor-mongering. By Monday evening, BuzzFeed News had catalogued eight separate hoaxes that spread quickly on social media. Some were relatively harmless — people posting old pictures of the wrong cathedral — but there were plenty of false reports that blamed Muslims, either for causing the fire or for celebrating its destructive results. Forward noted anti-Semitic posts, as well. Online gatekeepers actually made the problem worse: YouTube's algorithms pointed viewers seeking information about the fire to videos about 9/11 conspiracies. The Notre Dame fire was apparently also the perfect opportunity to promote various dubious pet causes. White nationalists like Richard Spencer had their say, as did alt-righters like Mike Cernovich. So did more mainstream pundits: religious folks like Rod Dreher, alarmed by secularization, self-proclaimed defenders of "western civilization" like Ben Shapiro and their antagonists like Josh Marshall.

4-16-19 Black church fires: Louisiana suspect charged with hate crimes
Prosecutors have filed new hate crime charges against a white man accused of burning down three African-American churches in the US state of Louisiana. Holden Matthews, 21, the son of a local sheriff deputy, learned of the new charges during a court appearance on Monday when he pleaded not guilty. During the hearing, the judge denied his bond request due to a "substantial amount of evidence" against him. Officials had not previously cited race as a possible motive. Louisiana Fire Marshal Butch Browning said on Monday the suspect - who has no previous criminal record - should not be released because he presents "an immediate risk to public safety". "In my mind, I felt another fire was imminent," Mr Browning said, describing the evidence investigators have found against Mr Matthews. All three fires were started with gasoline and occurred around Opelousas, about 60 miles (100km) west of the state capital of Baton Rouge. Among evidence presented during the pre-trial appearance, in which Mr Matthews was displayed on video feed from jail, Mr Browning testified that the suspect documented his alleged crimes through videos and photos on his phone. After he was arrested, prosecutors found pictures of the flames that appeared to have been taken before firefighters arrived to extinguish them. They also found news reports on his phone in which he had superimposed himself on those reports in order to claim responsibility while talking to a friend online. "He actually superimposed himself on those news reports, claiming responsibility for these fires," Mr Browning said. Location data from his mobile phone and surveillance footage of his vehicle also tied him to each of the crime scenes. Mr Matthews was arrested last week and charged with arson of a religious building before the state hate crime charges were added. His arrest came over two weeks after the first fire broke out at the St Mary Baptist Church, followed by the Greater Union Baptist Church and Mount Pleasant Baptist Church in Opelousas, which were each more than 100 years old. During the search for a suspect, Governor John Bel Edwards said the attacks in the southern state were a reminder "of a very dark past of intimidation and fear".

4-16-19 Pulitzers: Capital Gazette wins for coverage of newsroom massacre
A US local newspaper has won a Pulitzer Prize for coverage of a mass shooting in its own newsroom. But there was no celebration as the Capital Gazette in Maryland learned on Monday it had won the most prestigious prize in American journalism. Staff quietly hugged in memory of five colleagues killed by a gunman who burst into their office in June 2018. Pulitzers also went to the New York Times and Wall Street Journal for investigations into President Trump. Two journalists jailed in Myanmar for reporting a massacre of Rohingya Muslims were part of a team from Reuters news agency that also won an award. Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo were sentenced last year to seven years in prison for breaking the Official Secrets Act, despite an international outcry over what was widely seen as an attack on media freedom. Reuters has said it will not be celebrating the prize until their two colleagues are released. The Capital Gazette in Annapolis won a special Pulitzer Prize citation for its coverage and courage in the face of one of the deadliest attacks on journalists in American history. The Pulitzer board awarded the citation with a $100,000 (£76,400) grant to further the newspaper's journalism. Employees John McNamara, Wendi Winters, Rebecca Smith, Gerald Fischman and Rob Hiaasen died in last summer's attack. But the staff still managed to publish a newspaper on schedule the next day. A man with a longstanding grudge against the Capital Gazette is charged with the attack. He pleaded not guilty last year. The New York Times won a prize for explanatory reporting of Mr Trump's finances and tax avoidance and another for editorial writing. The Wall Street Journal won the national reporting prize for uncovering the president's secret payoffs to two alleged former mistresses during his campaign.

4-16-19 Graffiti punished by reading - 'It worked!' says prosecutor
In September 2016, an old school house in Virginia, used for teaching black students during the era of segregation, was sprayed with offensive graffiti. The culprits were given an unusual sentence - reading. Two-and-a-half years later, the BBC's Emma Jane Kirby asks whether the punishment worked. From the moment Prosecutor and Deputy Commonwealth Attorney Alejandra Rueda heard about the racist and anti-Semitic graffiti scrawled across the school house in Ashburn, Loudoun County, Virginia, she suspected the culprits were children. "The graffiti was racially charged - they had spray-painted swastikas and phrases like 'White Power' and 'Brown Power'," she recalls. "But there were also images of dinosaurs, women's breasts and penises. And I thought, 'This doesn't look like the work of sophisticated KKK people out to intimidate - it looks more like the work of dumb teenagers.'" Her intuition proved correct. Five children aged 16 and 17 were arrested for the crime and pleaded guilty to one count of destruction of private property and one count of unlawful entry. The teenagers were unaware of the significance of the building they had defaced. It was the Ashburn Coloured School, an historic building that had been used by black children during segregation in Northern Virginia. The prosecutor believes the children were just kicking out against authority after one of them had been expelled from his school, but she understands why the town was so shocked by the crime. "The community blew up. Understandably. But you know, some of the kids didn't even know what a swastika meant. So I saw a learning opportunity. With children you can either punish or you can rehabilitate and these were kids with no prior record and I thought back to what taught me when I was their age, what opened my eyes to other cultures and religions… and it was reading." The judge in the case endorsed the prosecutor's order - that the teenagers should be handed down a reading sentence (or "disposition" as a sentence is known in juvenile cases). Alejandra Rueda drew up a list of 35 books and ordered the offenders to choose one title a month for a year and to write an assignment on each of the 12 books they chose. (Webmaster's comment: This was also a hate crime and should also have been treated as such!)

4-16-19 Barry Humphries: Top comedy prize renamed after transgender row
One of the world's top comedy festivals will no longer use comedian Barry Humphries' name for its chief prize, after he was accused of transphobia. The Melbourne International Comedy Festival said its prestigious Barry Award for best show would be renamed. Humphries, best known for his character Dame Edna Everage, has repeatedly drawn anger for his comments on transgender people - and later defended himself. His remarks had "definitely played a part" in the change, the festival said. Humphries, 85, has not responded to the festival's decision. Last year, he drew criticism for describing being transgender as "a fashion". In another controversy, he claimed to have been speaking in character when he referred to gender-reassignment surgery as "self-mutilation" in a 2016 interview with The Telegraph. He also described Caitlyn Jenner as a "publicity-seeking rat-bag". He has previously said his comments were misinterpreted, but they have been criticised by other high-profile comedians - including former Barry Award winner Hannah Gadsby. Humphries co-founded the Melbourne International Comedy Festival in 1987, and it is now one of the world's premier comedy events. Its top prize has been named in his honour since 2000. On Tuesday, festival director Susan Provan said in a statement: "It is time for the award for most outstanding show to be in our name to celebrate the city that inspired the growth of our festival and its outstanding artists." She told the Australian Broadcasting Corporation that Humphries' recent comments were "not helpful" and had helped instigate the decision. Gadsby criticised Humphries when she accepted the award in 2017 for her show Nanette, now a worldwide success on Netflix. "I don't agree with a lot of the things Barry Humphries has said recently," she said at the time.

4-15-19 Ilhan Omar: Muslim lawmaker sees rise in death threats after Trump tweet
One of the first ever Muslim members of the US Congress has said that a tweet by President Donald Trump has led to an increase in threats against her life. Minnesota's Ilhan Omar said the threats were sparked by "violent rhetoric", accusing Mr Trump of stoking right-wing extremism. "It has to stop," she added. It comes after Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi announced a new "security assessment to safeguard" the lawmaker. The tweet showed Ms Omar talking to a US-Muslim group about the 9/11 attacks. On Monday Mr Trump stepped up his attacks against Ms Omar, calling her "out of control". He also said Mrs Pelosi "should look at the anti-Semitic, anti-Israel and ungrateful US HATE statements Omar has made" before defending her. Congresswoman Omar has become a lightning rod for criticism following her 2018 election. Mr Trump tweeted on Friday "WE WILL NEVER FORGET" alongside a 43-second edited video showing footage of the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks, spliced with a speech by Ms Omar. "Some people did something," she is seen saying, in between footage of planes hitting the World Trade Center, damage to the Pentagon and people fleeing buildings. Democrats claimed the video does not provide context to Ms Omar's 20-minute speech to the Council on American-Islamic Relations (Cair) on 23 March. She was discussing civil rights for Muslim Americans in the wake of the 9/11 attacks. Cair, she said, was founded "because they recognised that some people did something and that all of us were starting to lose access to our civil liberties". Republican critics said that her comment "some people did something" was offensive to the nearly 3,000 Americans killed in the attacks. In a statement on Sunday, Ms Omar said: "Since the president's tweet Friday evening, I have experienced an increase in direct threats on my life - many directly referring or replying to the president's video". She thanked security officials for "their attention to these threats" and accused Mr Trump of fuelling a rise in "violent crimes and other acts of hate by right-wing extremists and white nationalists". She also expressed concern that Mr Trump's visit to her home state of Minnesota on Monday could lead to an increase in hate crimes and assaults. "Violent rhetoric and all forms of hate speech have no place in our society, much less from our country's Commander in Chief. "We are all Americans. This is endangering lives. It has to stop," she said.

4-15-19 The GOP is the party of Islamophobia
Ilhan Omar is just Republicans' latest scapegoat. Republicans were always going to come for Rep. Ilhan Omar. From the moment the Minnesota Democrat was elected to Congress as one of the chamber's few Muslims — and a hijab-wearing Muslim, to boot — her destiny was fixed. Republican conservatives were always going to paint her as the enemy, depict her as un-American, and find some way to smear her with the 9/11 terror attacks on America. Fox's Jeanine Pirro was always going to say Omar's religious practices were incompatible with the Constitution. President Trump, who has a long history of picking on women of color anyway, was always going to shine his Twitter spotlight on her. West Virginia Republicans were always going to suggest she is a terrorist. Now, the ugly din has grown so loud that Omar finds herself needing physical protection. This sad debacle was inevitable. We should have seen it coming. Why? Because the GOP is the party of Islamophobia — and it is led by the sort of folks who see themselves in a "clash of civilizations" with one of the world's largest religions. Conservatives have been campaigning against Islam — not just the religion's extremist adherents, but the religion itself — ever since 9/11. They've questioned the loyalty of Muslim Republicans. They've tried banning Muslim refugees from entering the United States. In communities across the country — from New York to Tennessee to California — they've taken extraordinary steps to block the construction of Muslim houses of worship. Some have even contended that Islam is not a religion, but an authoritarian ideology. Over the years, some conservatives — including Trump during his campaign days — even falsely suggested that President Obama was a secret Muslim and in league with terrorists. Omar is just the latest target for their ongoing campaign. It's true that she didn't help herself by arriving in Congress making comments that were easily construed as anti-Semitic. That's on her: If you're ready to serve in Congress in America, you should be educated enough and sensitive enough to avoid such pitfalls. (The same should be true of the president too, by the way.) She should do better. But it's probably too late. Republicans have found a suitable scapegoat for their Muslim prejudices. The latest controversy — the idea that Omar downplayed the seriousness of the 9/11 attacks — is, well, Trumped-up. As my colleague Ryan Cooper explained last week, those criticisms rely on her comments being taken out of context. But the history of GOP conservatives in the post-9/11 era suggests the congresswoman's critics probably didn't need much of a pretext to come after her in the first place.

4-15-19 Anti-Semitism threatens Romania's fragile Jewish community
Ugly scenes of smashed and toppled headstones at a Jewish cemetery in Romania have shocked the country's dwindling Jewish community and prompted international condemnation. Vandals badly damaged 73 gravestones in the north-eastern town of Husi earlier this month, amid a surge in anti-Semitic attacks across Europe. "It's a very disturbing event, but it's nothing surprising," said Maximillian Marco Katz, founding director of the Centre for Monitoring and Combating anti-Semitism in Romania. "It shows that anti-Semitism is alive, it doesn't matter who did it," he told the BBC. "They didn't knock down two or three gravestones, they knocked down 73 gravestones - that takes some determination and it takes time." A criminal investigation has been opened. The Shabbat service is about to start at the Status Quo synagogue in Targu Mures, a city in central Romania. Standing in the sunlit courtyard, community leader Vasile Dub, 72, expresses a mix of concern and caution. Nowadays he says that he feels "absolutely safe" in Romania, but later admits that he doesn't always declare that he is Jewish. "The real tragedy was in the 1940s," says Mr Dub, who lost family members in the Holocaust. During World War Two, when Romania was under the military dictatorship of Marshall Ion Antonescu, up to 380,000 Jews were killed in Romanian state-held territories. Thousands more were sent to the Nazi death camp at Auschwitz. In the decades following the war, anti-Semitism perpetuated under Romania's communist regime and thousands of Jewish families emigrated to Israel, the US and elsewhere in search of a better life.

4-15-19 Russian priest posted to remote village over wife's 'sin'
An Orthodox priest in Russia's Urals region has been posted to a remote village as punishment for his wife's participation in a local beauty pageant during Lent. Oksana Zotova, who runs a beauty salon in the city of Magnitogorsk, won the Miss Sensuality prize at the contest, and attracted a wave of criticism after an anonymous account on Russian social news aggregator Pikabu revealed that she was the wife of a priest. Once religious authorities in the diocese got wind of the story, Sergei Zotov was promptly dismissed from his post at Magnitogorsk's Cathedral of the Ascension of Christ. He must now ply his trade in the village of Fershampenuaz, around 65 kilometres away from Magnitogorsk, and with population of just 4,000. The village was named in honour of Cossacks who fought against Napoleon in the battle of Fère-Champenoise in 1814. The diocese of Magnitorsk was not entertained by the exploits of Fr Sergei's wife. Archpriest Feodor Saprykin, chair of the diocesan court, declared that "it is a great sin when the wife of a priest exposes herself for show". He ruled that Sergei Zotov "will not be rehabilitated until his wife repents". "What kind of a priest is he if he cannot control his own family?" he questioned. "How does he intend to control his congregation?"

4-14-19 Ilhan Omar: The 9/11 row embroiling the US congresswoman
A Democratic congresswoman says she will not be silenced after facing a barrage of criticism over comments she made about the 9/11 attacks - including from Donald Trump. The US president tweeted "WE WILL NEVER FORGET" alongside a video showing footage of the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks spliced with a speech by Representative Ilhan Omar. "Some people did something," she is seen saying, in between footage of planes hitting the Twin Towers and people fleeing the buildings. Republicans have accused her of downplaying the attacks, but Democrats have largely rallied to her defence, saying she had been quoted out of context and some accusing Mr Trump of inciting violence against her and Muslims. Here is how the row developed. Ms Omar won a Minnesota seat in the House of Representatives last November, becoming one of the first two Muslim women ever elected to the US Congress. Her family originally came to the US as refugees from Somalia and she is the first congresswoman to wear the hijab. Despite being a newcomer to Washington, this is not the first time Ms Omar has made headlines. She has been accused of anti-Semitism over comments she made about Israel and pro-Israel lobbyists. After being rebuked last month, including by Democrats, she apologised and said she was "listening and learning". The congresswoman has also raised the alarm about anti-Muslim rhetoric surrounding her, in response to a Republican poster that showed her alongside the Twin Towers. Just last week, police arrested a 55-year-old man in New York state for allegedly calling her office with a graphic death threat in which he reportedly labelled her a "terrorist". The "some people did something" quote was from a speech Ms Omar gave to a civil rights group, the Council on American-Islamic Relations (Cair), on 23 March. In the 20-minute speech she discussed issues affecting the community like Islamophobia and the recent mosque attack in New Zealand. The comments in Mr Trump's video were taken from a point she made about the treatment of US Muslims in the aftermath of the 11 September attacks. (Webmaster's comment: Terrorism is never justified! The killing of innocents is never justified! This congresswoman should be expelled from congress!)

4-13-19 Children in Central America will be allowed to join parents in US
Up to 2,700 children in Central America will be allowed to reunite with their parents living under protected status in the US, a court has ruled. It follows a lawsuit that challenged the Trump administration's cancellation of a programme that gave the children the right to join their parents. The Central American Minors programme, closed in 2017, benefited children from Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala. Many of the parents have fled natural disasters and conflicts. The case was brought against the government by 12 children and parent applicants to the Central American Minors programme and immigrant advocacy group CASA. Last month, a judge at the United States District Court in San Francisco ruled that the applications must be processed. One of the parents identified as SA during the case had already spent thousands of dollars on plane tickets when the programme was cancelled. She said in a statement: "My heart jumps and cries for joy because there are so many who need to escape danger. I have faith that I will be together with my daughter and grandson soon." Under the ruling, the government must finish processing children who were in the final stages of their application. Linda Evarts, attorney at the International Refugee Assistance Project, said: "We are so pleased that after many years apart our clients will finally have the opportunity to reunite with each other in safety." According to the group, the government anticipates that most applicants will be approved for parole and allowed to travel to the US. Last month, President Donald Trump cut off aid to El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras in a bid to push their governments to stop migration into the US. There has been a huge increase in asylum seekers fleeing violence in the three countries. The three nations are where most of the migrants on the US southern border come from.

4-12-19 The deported Americans
About 600,000 American-born children are enrolled in Mexico’s schools, said journalist Brooke Jarvis in The California Sunday Magazine. These ‘other Dreamers’ often struggle to build a new life across the border. Ashley Mantilla’s day starts earlier than most. On a Monday last June, long before the sun rose, the 15-year-old left the small cinder-block house she shares with her sister, brother, and parents. She walked past the lime tree under which the family entertains guests, past the outhouse and the thin horse tied up next to her grandparents’ home, to the road that winds by a deep ravine, and into the center of her small town, perched high in the ridges below the volcano. There, she waited for a minibus that would drive her half an hour to Número 26. It’s not a cheap trip to make every day, and her parents are willing to pay for it not because they have extra money but because they think it’s a better option than the local school. There are real teachers there instead of video lessons, and specialty classes include coding in addition to agriculture, food preservation, and beekeeping. By 7:30, the school’s courtyard was packed with teenagers. They lined up in straight rows and placed their hands across their chests as the Mexican national anthem played on a loudspeaker. Ashley had PE that day, so she had her dark hair pulled back and was wearing her gym uniform: track pants and a polo shirt embroidered with the words “Niños Héroes,” or heroic children, a group of historical figures that the school honors as a kind of mascot. The heroes were six military cadets, the youngest of them 13, who died defending a castle in Mexico City from American invaders in 1847. It was, in other words, a long way from the school days Ashley used to experience, back when she was an American student growing up in an American town and studying in an American public school. In those days, her father, Felix, worked as a cook in a restaurant and did maintenance on swimming pools. Her older sister, Lesly, earned a much-treasured certificate of academic excellence with President Barack Obama’s signature on it. They studied the history of South Carolina, their home state; they ate turkey on Thanksgiving and built snowmen in the winter. Sometimes classmates bullied Ashley, telling her to go back to Mexico, but their taunts mostly confused her. “I don’t know Mexico,” she would say. “I’m from here.” In 2011, South Carolina’s then governor, Nikki Haley, signed what was known as a “show me your papers” law, modeled on Arizona’s infamous SB 1070, which allowed police to turn routine traffic stops into immigration checkpoints. Ashley’s parents began to feel anxious. They thought of what had happened a few years before, when a South Carolina poultry plant was raided and many of its workers deported without their children. “What happens if they separate us?” wondered Berenice, Ashley’s mother. “We were thinking of the good of the family.” They decided it was time to move their three children—Lesly, 12; Ashley, 9; and Angel, 5; all American-born citizens—from the only home that they knew. In the jargon of immigration, the family was planning to “return migrate.” But the kids could hardly return to a place where they had never been. They were just…leaving. Ashley is one of 600,000 American-born children who are believed to be enrolled in K-12 schools across Mexico. Together, these American children now make up 3 percent of all students in Mexico, though the concentrations vary. In some municipalities where migration is particularly common, one in 10 students is American. Many families, especially if they were deported unexpectedly, have trouble assembling and authenticating all the various documents that are needed to enroll, which means that kids end up missing months or even years of instruction. Like Ashley, American students in Mexico frequently end up in rural schools, the ones with the fewest resources to help them.

4-12-19 Barr prepares to investigate the investigators
House Democrats were preparing for a lengthy legal fight this week after Attorney General William Barr refused to hand over the full version of the nearly 400-page Mueller report—and announced his intention to examine whether federal authorities improperly spied on members of Donald Trump’s 2016 campaign. Barr told a House panel that he hoped to release a redacted copy of special counsel Robert Mueller’s investigation into Russian election interference “within a week.” Federal law, he said, required him to scrub it of classified information, secret grand jury testimony, material connected to ongoing investigations, and details that could violate the privacy of “peripheral” figures in the probe. Since almost every page in the report is expected to contain grand jury material, the redactions could be extensive. Barr said that he didn’t plan to ask a federal judge for permission to release the full report to Congress, as he is empowered to do. House Judiciary Committee Chairman Jerry Nadler (D-N.Y.) said he would have “a look at what we get” before issuing subpoenas for the unredacted report. What is Barr trying to hide? asked The Boston Globe. We already know that his four-page summary of Mueller’s voluminous report and his decision to exonerate the president of obstruction of justice was “a spin job.” Members of Mueller’s team have complained that the report’s contents “are a good deal more damaging” to Trump than the summary implied, associates told The New York Times. Others have griped that the evidence they gathered on obstruction was alarming and significant, reported The Washington Post. There’s one way for Barr to clear all this up: Give Congress the full report. Democrats are sore losers, said The Wall Street Journal. Furious that Mueller concluded that the Trump campaign did not collude with Moscow, “they’ve hit upon a political comeback strategy: Accuse Barr of a cover-up.” This is, of course, preposterous because the attorney general knows that he’d be open to contradiction by Mueller if he misstated the report’s conclusions. Democrats aren’t really worried about the truth being hushed up, they just want “to tarnish Trump officials.”

4-12-19 What more needs to be said!
84% of voters say special counsel Robert Mueller’s report “should be released to the public.” 9% say it should not be.

4-12-19 Lie after Lie after Lie
President Trump’s penchant for making false or misleading statements is accelerating. Trump averaged nearly 5.9 false or misleading claims a day in his first year in office. He hit nearly 16.5 a day in his second year. So far in 2019, he’s averaging nearly 22 false or misleading claims a day.

4-12-19 Far right aims at EU
Far-right parties across Europe are banding together in a bloc to contest the European Parliament elections in May, with the aim of becoming the biggest faction in the multinational legislature. Matteo Salvini, Italy’s deputy prime minister and leader of the anti-immigrant League party, told a news conference in Milan this week that the goal of the Europe of Nations and Freedom Group (ENF) would be the promotion of nationalism and the hampering of closer European Union integration. “For many Europeans, the EU is a nightmare,” Salvini said. “We hope to change that.” The far-right Alternative for Germany, France’s National Rally, Austria’s Freedom Party, and populist parties from Finland and Denmark have already joined the ENF, and others are expected to do so.

4-12-19 Preventing shootings
Mayor Bill Peduto signed three gun-control ordinances into law this week, drawing immediate challenges from gun rights groups, including the National Rifle Association. Among the laws—a response to the Tree of Life Synagogue massacre last October—is a “red flag” law that creates a legal process to remove guns for up to a year from people exhibiting suicidal behavior or threatening to harm others. Another ordinance bans the “use” of semi-automatic weapons and certain accessories in public places. The city was not able to implement a broader ban because of state laws that pre-empt local legislation. Nonetheless, a suit from gun activists called the laws “patently unenforceable, unconstitutional, illegal.” Peduto, a Democrat, called on 60 fellow mayors to tackle gun reform, and vowed to defend the bills up to the U.S. Supreme Court if necessary.

4-12-19 Aerospace: Boeing’s new 737 orders fall to zero
Boeing said this week it has slowed production of its 737 Max jet while the plane remains grounded by the Federal Aviation Administration, said David Gelles in The New York Times. The company did not sell a single Max jet last month, after the planes were involved in two fatal crashes, in Indonesia and Ethiopia. At least one airline has canceled orders, but there remain “thousands of outstanding orders,” which represent “billions of dollars for Boeing’s bottom line.” The FAA needs to certify a software update before it permits the Max to return to the sky. (Webmaster's comment: Killer corporation pays the price.)

4-12-19 Mormons soften stance
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints announced last week that it will no longer label same-sex couples “apostates” or bar their children from baptisms and baby blessings. The church wants “to reduce the hate and contention so common today,” said Dallin Oaks, first counselor to Mormon President Russell Nelson. The move reverses a 2015 declaration that same-sex couples were subject to excommunication—a pronouncement that former church President Thomas Monson had said came as a revelation from God. Oaks underscored that the church still believes same-sex attraction is “a serious transgression,” though he added, “Immoral conduct in heterosexual or homosexual relationships will be treated in the same way.” The 2015 policy led hundreds of members to resign. In explaining the abrupt decision to scrap that rule, Nelson said God leads the church “revelation upon revelation.”

4-12-19 Should we say sorry for conquistadors? SPAIN
Spain probably does owe Mexicans an apology for the brutal conquest of the Americas begun 500 years ago, said El País, but Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador could hardly have picked a worse time to demand one. Looking ahead to the 500th anniversary of the 1521 Spanish conquest of the Aztecs, AMLO wrote to King Felipe VI with the request, only to be rebuffed. Spain is in the middle of an election campaign, so the parties outdid one another in displays of patriotic indignation. The ruling Socialists firmly rejected the idea, with Foreign Minister Josep Borrell calling it “weird,” while the opposition center-right People’s Party went full jingoist, hailing the conquest of the Americas as the “most brilliant moment in the history of humanity.” In truth, that conquest was often brutal and came at “enormous human cost,” particularly in the destruction of indigenous peoples. While Spain is right to point out that its current incarnation is not the same as the invading empire, the “humiliation and subjugation of the original peoples of Mexico” did bring great suffering that has not yet been addressed. Before the anniversary in 2021, our two nations should discuss what is owed to the indigenous population. The goal must be “reconciliation for all.”

4-12-19 Scientists must worry in public about the dangers of their creations
The US Department of Defense is ending its contract with cold war-era advisory group JASON. That’s OK – today’s scientists need to air concerns in public, says Audra J. Wolfe. REPORTS circulated last week that the US Department of Defense has terminated its contract with JASON, a cold war-era scientific advisory committee. The group was created in the late 1950s, when the department sought help from some ambitious, entrepreneurial academic physicists in the hopes of catching up with the Soviet Union, which had just launched the first artificial satellite, Sputnik. Instead of studying a topic identified by a specific defence patron, JASON received briefings from various government agencies and then its scientists decided what to study. It also chose its own members. JASON enjoyed remarkable independence compared with in-house defence advisory boards and proved a particularly useful check on big, expensive ideas. Its reported demise creates a vacuum in a system that too often relies on technical expertise provided by groups more interested in their next multimillion-dollar contract than in supplying sound advice. Yet much of the hand-wringing about the end of JASON has confused this important fiscal role with ethical oversight. JASON members have traditionally justified their weapons research by invoking scientists’ special responsibility to advise on the implications of their work. History shows that this is a false premise. From the Manhattan Project physicists who later opposed the development of hydrogen bombs to the JASON scientists whose recommendations for limiting the war in Vietnam inadvertently created the modern, electronic battlefield, scientific advisers have often overestimated their ability to control how the military uses their ideas. JASON’s demise presents an opportunity for public-minded scientists to rethink their relationship to power. Scientists are right to worry about the dangers of their creations, but wrong to think they can stop them on their own. When scientists oppose defence policy, they should speak out publicly, not behind closed doors. They should share their concerns and work with broad coalitions of citizens – not just scientists – to prevent harm. (Webmaster's comment: The United States military has only ever had one interest, KILLING AS MANY AS POSSIBLE. Killing enemy combatants and killing enemy civilians in order to terrorize them. And also torturing them for good measure.)

4-12-19 ICC rejects request to investigate war crimes in Afghanistan
The International Criminal Court (ICC) has rejected a request to investigate alleged war crimes in Afghanistan. In a press release, judges of the court highlighted Afghanistan's instability and the lack of co-operation with investigators in the country. Such an investigation "would not serve the interests of justice", the statement said. The rejection comes a week after the US revoked the entry visa of an ICC prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda.It is thought to be in response to her examination of possible crimes committed by US forces in Afghanistan. Prosecutors for the ICC have been examining alleged abuses committed by all parties in Afghanistan's long conflict for more than a decade. A formal examination of potential crimes began in November 2017. But while the court said there was "a reasonable basis" to believe crimes had occurred, judges said Afghanistan's current situation "make the prospects for a successful investigation and prosecution extremely limited". They also cited the long period of time that had passed since the investigation began in 2006, and said the court needed to "use its resources prioritising activities that would have better chances to succeed". (Webmaster's comment: So the United States gets away with it's many war crimes again!)

4-12-19 Brunei says controversial Sharia law aimed at 'prevention'
Brunei's foreign ministry has said implementing Sharia law is about prevention rather than punishment, after intense criticism of its decision to implement the strict Islamic code. Under the new laws, adultery and sex between men is punishable by stoning to death. Brunei said there would be a high threshold for evidence in those cases, suggesting punishment would be rare. It comes after the UN called the punishments "cruel and inhuman". Brunei has sent a response from Erywan Yusof, the minister of foreign affairs, to the United Nation's (UN) criticism saying Sharia law "focuses more on prevention than punishment. Its aim is to educate, deter, rehabilitate and nurture rather than to punish". It also said Sharia does not criminalise based on sexual orientation or belief, including same-sex relations. The criminalisation of "adultery and sodomy is to safeguard the sanctity of family lineage and marriage of individual Muslims, particularly women", according to the statement. The statement also clarified that for the maximum punishments of amputation or death to be carried out in the case of certain crimes, at least two men of "high moral standing and piety" would have to bear witness. It added that these men would have to live up to "extremely high" standards, making it "[extremely] difficult to find one in this day and age". UK Foreign Minister Jeremy Hunt also said on Thursday he had spoken to the Bruneian foreign minister who had suggested that Sharia prosecutions were, in practice, unlikely. The first phase of Sharia law, which covered crimes punishable by prison sentences and fines, was implemented in 2014. The UN's High Commissioner for Human Rights sent a letter on 1 April to the Brunei mission in Geneva warning that the planned implementation of the new laws contravened international human rights standards set out in the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights - which was ratified by Brunei in 2006. Regardless, Brunei went ahead with the implementation of the new laws, under the continued phasing in of Sharia alongside common law. (Webmaster's comment: Many Evangelicals and Baptists and Vice-president Pence would love to implement that law here in America! They all hate gays with a religious fervor! They all but froth at the mouth!)

4-12-19 Georgetown students approve slavery reparations fund
Georgetown University students in Washington DC have voted in favour of a reparations fund to repay descendents of slaves sold by the school in 1838. A "Reconciliation Contribution" fee of $27.20 (£21) each semester would benefit descendents of the 272 slaves. Undergraduate students passed the referendum with a 66% majority, but the measure requires approval by the university. Georgetown is the first major college to pass such a reparations fund. The student-led referendum was organised by the group Students for the GU272. The university's elections commission reported that nearly 60% of students turned out to vote on Thursday. The fee amount was chosen to remember the 272 enslaved people sold, but also so that it would not be too large of an increase in tuition, a student involved with the group told the New York Times. If approved by the university board, the fund will go towards "charitable purposes" benefitting the descendents of those slaves, many of whom now live in Louisiana and Maryland. Critics of the fund say it is an arbitrary amount that will not address any real issues, or that it should be the burden of the institution, not the students, to repay descendents of slaves. Some students have said it is an unjust moral imposition on students to make the fee mandatory. Todd Olson, vice-president for student affairs at the university, said in a statement: "We value the engagement of our students and appreciate that they are making their voices heard and contributing to an important national conversation." In 1838 the Jesuit university decided to sell the slaves to plantations in Louisiana to pay off debts, in a deal worth the equivalent of $3.3m. Georgetown has been making amends for its past connection to slavery since 2015, Mr Olson noted. In 2017, the institution formally apologised for selling the 272 slaves, and renamed a campus building after Isaac Hawkins - the first enslaved man listed in the 1838 sale. The historic vote among Georgetown's student body comes as 2020 Democratic presidential hopefuls have also brought talk of slavery reparations back into the mainstream.

4-11-19 Louisiana officer's son arrested over black church fires
The son of a local police deputy has been arrested as the suspect in three fires at black churches in southern Louisiana, officials say. Holden Matthews, 21, who is the son of a St Landry Parish officer, was arrested on Wednesday, said officials. The burnings did not result in deaths or injuries. Louisiana Governor John Bel Edwards said the "evil acts" dredged up "a very dark past of intimidation and fear" from the civil rights era. The Democrat said the alleged arson was perpetrated by a "depraved individual", adding: "Hate is not a Louisiana value." Louisiana State Fire Marshal Butch Browning told reporters on Thursday the suspect has been charged with three counts of arson on religious buildings, with each count carrying a sentence of up to 15 years in prison. Mr Browning said investigators were still vetting "several motives", but had uncovered information that Mr Matthews was involved with a type of music known as black metal that the fire marshal said has historical associations with church burnings. "When Matthews was developed as a suspect we saw an immediate threat to public safety," Mr Browning said. "We felt other crimes were imminent." "There were extraordinary means taken to bring safety to this community," he added, without elaborating. The suspect lives in the community where the fires took place. His Facebook page lists him as the lead singer and songwriter of a heavy metal band called Vodka Vultures. State and local police, the Fire Marshal's Office, FBI, and Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) were involved in the investigation. (Webmaster's comment: White Nationalists, White Supremacists, Neo-Nazis and Klansmen are keeping hate alive in the South and in the West.)

4-11-19 Israel Folau: Rugby Australia 'intends' to sack full-back after social media post
Rugby Australia and the New South Wales Rugby Union say they intend to terminate Israel Folau's contract after a social media post by the full-back in which he said "hell awaits" gay people. Folau, 30, has 73 caps and was expected to play at this year's World Cup. "He does not speak for the game with his recent social media posts," the governing bodies said. "In the absence of compelling mitigating factors, it is our intention to terminate his contract." Rugby Australia and the NSW Rugby Union, which is responsible for Super Rugby side NSW Waratahs, said they have made "repeated attempts" to contact Folau and he has failed to get in touch with either organisation. "Israel has failed to understand that the expectation of him as a Rugby Australia and NSW Waratahs employee is that he cannot share material on social media that condemns, vilifies or discriminates against people on the basis of their sexuality," the governing bodies said in a statement. "As a code we have made it clear to Israel formally and repeatedly that any social media posts or commentary that is in any way disrespectful to people because of their sexuality will result in disciplinary action." Australia's sponsor Qantas, whose chief executive Alan Joyce is openly gay, said Folau's post was "really disappointing". "These comments clearly don't reflect the spirit of inclusion and diversity that we support," the airline said.

4-11-19 William Barr just proved he's Trump's loyal foot soldier
The president wants to rewrite history in his favor, and the attorney general seems more than willing to oblige. The investigation into President Trump's Russia ties may have officially concluded, but the investigation into that investigation has apparently just begun. That's what Attorney General William Barr seemed to signal this week when he told a Senate committee he was concerned about allegations that government agencies "spied" on Trump's campaign during the 2016 presidential election. "I am going to be reviewing both the genesis and the conduct of intelligence activities directed at the Trump campaign during 2016," Barr said. "I think spying on a political campaign is a big deal." Indeed, that would be a big deal. But "spying" is an inaccurate — and in fact inflammatory — term for what happened in 2016. Here's what actually happened: America's counterintelligence agencies started investigating whether the Trump campaign had improper contacts with Russia. And they had good reasons — some public, some less so — for launching that investigation.Let's not forget the behind-the-scenes origins of the Russia inquiry: A loudmouthed official within the Trump campaign bragged, drunkenly, about Russia having dirt on Trump's opponent, Hillary Clinton. Concerned Australian officials passed that information to American officials, who reacted sensibly. This information wouldn't become public until much later. But even during the campaign, it was apparent that something odd was happening. The Russians really did hack Clinton's campaign emails. Trump really did publicly implore Russia to release that information. And Russia really did release those emails. There was smoke billowing out of the windows of American democracy. Is it any wonder officials went looking for a fire? (Webmaster's comment: Barr is nothing but a mealy-mouthed yes-man to Trump!)

4-10-19 Medicare for All: Can Bernie Sanders overhaul US healthcare?
Democratic presidential hopeful Bernie Sanders is unveiling his vision for a national health care plan that is expected to be adopted by several other leading White House candidates. So what is it? It's widely known that the US has the most expensive healthcare system in the world, and health outcomes vary according to your means. President Barack Obama tried to overhaul it. But even after his landmark Affordable Care Act, some 27 million Americans remain uninsured. His successor in the White House has tried to dismantle that legislation, making healthcare a central issue in next year's presidential election. Senator Sanders' plan - called Medicare for All - will play a big part in the debate. So what's in it? Medicare for All is a proposal to expand Medicare into a single-payer health system. That means the federal government would be the sole, nationwide insurance provider for all essential and preventative healthcare. It is not a universal health care system where the government would own and operate hospitals - instead, the government would pay private providers an agreed upon rate for their services. Under Senator Bernie Sanders' proposal, first introduced in 2017 and re-introduced in April, Medicare for All would expand Medicare's coverage to include vision, dental, prescription drugs, nursing home care and reproductive health services. The 2019 update to the plan also includes a long-term care coverage for patients with disabilities - amending one of the criticisms of his earlier plan. The change also brings Mr Sanders' plan more in line with the version of Medicare for All proposed in the House of Representatives by congresswoman Pramila Jayapal of Washington state. In four years, Mr Sanders' plan would have the country phase out of private insurance plans so everyone would receive insurance from the federal government. The Affordable Care Act would also end, as users would be enveloped into the national plan. Private insurance companies and employers would be banned from selling any manner of duplicate plans for services covered under the government's programme, though plans for non-essential medical services like cosmetic surgery could remain. Mr Sanders' proposal would see an end to the "cost sharing" that makes up the current system: No deductibles, no premiums, no co-payments for care. The only out-of-pocket expense under Mr Sanders' plan would be for some non-generic prescription drugs, but any cost to the patient would be capped at $200 annually. For comparison, US patients in 2016 paid over $535bn for prescription drugs, according to government estimates. (Webmaster's comment: Why is American Healthcare so expensive? Because it's a for profit system, healthcare is a secondary objective!)

4-10-19 Trump urges inquiry into 'attempted coup' against him
President Donald Trump says he has spoken to the US attorney general about tracing the origins of the inquiry that cleared him of colluding with Russia. Mr Trump described the investigation by former FBI director Robert Mueller as "an attempted coup". Attorney General William Barr meanwhile said he believes US authorities did spy on the Trump campaign. US intelligence officials have previously said they were spying on the Russians, not the Trump campaign. Speaking to reporters at the White House on Wednesday morning, the Republican president railed against the Department of Justice inquiry into whether the Trump campaign had conspired with the Kremlin to sway the 2016 election. The investigation cleared him and his aides of collusion, making no determination on whether they had tried to obstruct justice. Mr Trump said: "This was an attempted coup. This was an attempted take-down of a president. And we beat them. We beat them. "So the Mueller report, when they talk about obstruction we fight back. And do you know why we fight back? "Because I knew how illegal this whole thing was. It was a scam. "What I'm most interested in is getting started, hopefully the attorney general, he mentioned it yesterday. "He's doing a great job, getting started on going back to the origins of exactly where this all started. "Because this was an illegal witch hunt, and everybody knew it. And they knew it too. And they got caught. And what they did was treason." (Webmaster's comment: Attempted Coup my ass! Attempted indictment of the chief crook! And the actual indictment of 34 of his fellow crooks!)

4-10-19 The US students who want to pay slavery descendants
Students at Georgetown University are voting on whether or not they should pay reparations to the descendants of slaves sold by the institution. In 1838 the Jesuit university, which relied on financial support from wealthy plantation owners and often received slaves as gifts from prosperous parishioners, had fallen on hard times. It decided to raise funds by selling 272 slaves to plantations in Louisiana, in a deal worth the equivalent of $3.3m (£2.5m). Now, students at the elite institution are voting on what could be the first time reparations have been paid directly to the descendants of slaves in the US. Proponents of slavery reparations argue that America built its wealth off the backs of enslaved people, and in the centuries following emancipation enacted policies to exclude black people from sharing in the wealth of the country. Lower incomes, worse health outcomes and the higher rates of incarceration currently experienced by the black community are highlighted as vestiges of this history. The proposal would see all Georgetown undergraduates pay a $27.20 (£21) fee per semester, which will be "allocated for charitable purposes that benefit the descendants" who mostly live in Louisiana and Maryland. "As students at an elite institution, we recognize the great privileges we have been given, and wish to at least partially repay our debts to those families whose involuntary sacrifices made these privileges possible," the proposal reads. "As individuals with moral imagination, we choose to do more than simply recognise the past - we resolve to change our future."Melisande Short-Colomb is the descendent of one of the 272 people sold by Georgetown, and became a student at the university at the age of 63. "At the bedrock there was slave labour, there was human ownership and bondage," Ms Short-Colomb says, pointing to the grand buildings of the Georgetown campus, which the sale of her ancestors helped to fund.

4-10-19 Christchurch shootings: New Zealand MPs vote to change gun laws
New Zealand's parliament has voted to ban military-style semi-automatic weapons following the Christchurch attacks. The gun reform bill passed 119-1 after the final reading in parliament. It is expected to become law within the next few days after receiving royal assent from the governor general. PM Jacinda Ardern announced changes to the law after 50 people were killed last month by a suspected lone gunman at two mosques in Christchurch. Holding back tears, she told parliament on Wednesday that MPs were there "because of the victims and families". She said that when she had visited the injured in hospital none of them had had just one gunshot wound. "They will carry disabilities for a lifetime and that's before you consider the psychological impact," she said. "These weapons were designed to kill, and they were designed to maim and that is what they did on the 15th of March." Australian Brenton Tarrant, a self-proclaimed white supremacist, faces 50 murder charges and 39 attempted murder charges. The new rules make changes to 1983 gun laws which have been the subject of several reform attempts. They prohibit military-style semi-automatic weapons and parts that can be used to assemble prohibited firearms. The gunman, armed with semi-automatic rifles including an AR-15, is believed to have modified his weapons with high-capacity magazines so they could hold more bullets. The magazine is the part of the gun which stores ammunition. Those breaking the new laws will face between two and ten years in jail. An amnesty will be in place until the end of September. (Webmaster's comment: Finally a nation takes a stand against the Merchants Of Death! Semi-automatic weapons have one purpose, killing people. You don't need them for hunting. If you need more than two shots to kill an animal you shouldn't be hunting.)

4-10-19 Tasmania makes it optional to list gender on birth certificates
Tasmania has become Australia's first state to make it legally optional to list gender on birth certificates. The landmark bill was approved in the state's lower house on Wednesday, meaning it will become law. It had already been passed in the upper house. The bill also removes a condition that had required transgender people to have surgery before their gender was recognised. The state government fiercely opposed the bill in its current form. However, opposition political parties combined to secure enough votes to pass the legislation after a lengthy debate. "This is indeed a historic occasion," said House of Assembly Speaker Sue Hickey, who voted for the legislation. "This is not a win for any particular political party, but rather the dignity of the transgender community." The legislation allows people aged 16 or older to apply to change their listed gender without the approval of their parents.

4-9-19 Highly Religious, White Protestants Firm in Support for Trump
One of the fascinating aspects of Donald Trump's presidency so far has been the stability of his support among Americans. His overall approval rating has varied little over his first 2 1/4 years in office. And, significantly, his approval rating has varied little among one of the most important segments of his base -- highly religious, white Protestants. Support for Trump among this group (an approximation of what are sometimes called evangelicals) has been high and rock steady during the Trump presidency so far. White, highly religious Protestants gave Trump an average 67% approval rating in Gallup surveys conducted in 2017, and an average 69% approval in both 2018 and in the first quarter of 2019. The president's overall ratings in 2017, 2018 and the first quarter of 2019 -- using the same polls from which the evangelical job approval ratings are calculated -- have been 40%, 41% and 40%, respectively. Given this overall stability, our default expectations are that Trump's ratings would be equally stable among subgroups, as has been the case for evangelicals. There are a number of ways to determine who is or is not an evangelical, I should add. For this analysis, I'm using those who identify as white and Protestant, and who attend religious services weekly or almost every week. Pew Research, as another example, bases their definition on those who are Protestant and who also self-identify as born again or evangelical. Using that definition, Pew recently reported the same percentage of white Protestant evangelicals approving of Trump (69%) as our 2019 Gallup average. strong>(Webmaster's comment: We are well on our way to becoming a Religious State with a Hitler in charge. The Constitution means nothing to these people. All non-white, non-Christians will be exterminated!)

4-9-19 Canada to reject refugees with claims in other countries
Canada intends to change the law to make it harder for asylum seekers rejected by countries like the US to file refugee claims at the border. The move comes as thousands of asylum seekers have crossed the border after their claims were rejected in the US. Amendments were introduced on Monday evening in the Liberal government's 392-page omnibus budget bill. An influx of asylum seekers crossing at the US-Canada border has become a hot button political issue. The law would allow immigration officers at the border to reject refugee claims if the asylum seeker has already made a claim in another country that has an immigration information-sharing agreement with Canada. These countries include the US, UK, Australia and New Zealand. The asylum seeker would no longer be entitled to an oral hearing and the claim could not be appealed to an independent tribunal. Instead, denied claimants would have the right to submit a written, pre-removal risk assessment, which lawyer Kevin Wiener says has about a 3% success rate. "I expect this to be a major change for Canada's refugee system and I'm surprised to see it buried in a budget bill," he told the BBC in an email. "If immigration officers are going to be the new front-line decision-makers for a large volume of refugee claims, then the government needs to make sure they do a better job at providing fair and reasonable decision-making." Some 20,000 asylum seekers crossed at the US border in 2018, many of whom had already made refugee claims in the US. There are over 200,000 pending asylum claims, and the wait for hearings by Canada's refugee board have edged up to an average of 20 months. (Webmaster's comment: Americans hatred for immigrants is speading to other countries. No one wants to help anyone!)

4-9-19 Trump: Court defeat on asylum policy 'unfair to US'
US President Donald Trump has lashed out at a federal judge for blocking his policy of sending migrants awaiting US asylum hearings back to Mexico. "A 9th Circuit judge just ruled that Mexico is too dangerous for migrants," he tweeted. "So unfair to the US." His policy would have returned migrant families to Mexico to await court bids for the right to stay in the US. It comes as numbers of migrants stopped at the US-Mexico border have surged to the highest level in over a decade. US immigration officials have estimated border apprehensions in March topped 100,000. The San Francisco ninth district judge's order against the migrant policy is not due to go into effect until 12 April, giving US officials a chance to appeal the ruling. Monday's court ruling comes as the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), which implements Mr Trump's immigration directives, is in turmoil following a major shake-up by the administration. The agency's Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen quit on Sunday after being summoned to the White House by the president. Republican Senator Chuck Grassley called on Mr Trump on Monday to halt the leadership purge at the agency. The senior senator told the Washington Post he is "very, very concerned" about reports of possible further DHS dismissals. "The president has to have some stability and particularly with the number one issue that he's made for his campaign," Mr Grassley said. "He's pulling the rug out from the very people that are trying to help him accomplish his goal." There are rumours that DHS management undersecretary Claire Grady, now the senior-most Senate-confirmed official in the agency, as well as director of Citizenship and Immigration Services, Lee Francis Cissna, and DHS general counsel, John Mitnick, could be next to go. Speaking to Fox News on Monday, White House spokesman Hogan Gidley said: "It's time to do things a little differently. This would give migrant parents awaiting immigration hearings a choice: agree for their child to be held separately, or be detained together, possibly indefinitely, until their court date. (Webmaster's comment: Separating the children will give ICE more opportunity to sell them into sex slavey. See: 'Thousands of US child migrants sexually abused')

4-9-19 3 reasons why socialism is gaining popularity in America
Why are Americans turning to socialism? Because capitalism is failing them. Did you know there are socialists in the Midwest? Americans are used to the country's vast rural hinterlands being depicted as Trump Territory — and variants on socialism attributed to East Coast intellectuals and pointy-headed Vermonters. But the socialist movement has deep historical roots in "flyover country": In the early 20th century, the tiny town of Girard, Kansas was a hub of American socialism, as was Madison, Wisconsin. These days, as The Atlantic outlines, a growing number of young adults in Iowa are at the forefront of the movement. It's difficult to discuss socialism these days without acknowledging that its definition varies depending on who you're asking. For Republicans, socialism is often an all-purpose slur used to describe relatively mild ideas like progressive taxation and Medicare, while the rest of the country can use it as a catch-all term for a whole spectrum of ideas and approaches left of "expanding the safety net a little bit." Labeling an idea "democratic socialism" offers a bit more clarity, but only barely. But socialists, self-described or otherwise, do seem to agree on one thing, as 27-year-old Iowan Casey Erixon told The Atlantic: "There is a growing sense that the system is broken." The 2020 presidential election may well end up being a referendum on socialism. Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) is looking to make another strong run in the Democratic primaries, and ideas like Medicare-for-all are being bandied about even among more moderate candidates. President Trump, meanwhile, started 2019 with a declaration at the State of the Union that "we renew our resolve that America will never be a socialist country." Whether that remains true, though, depends in part on the health of capitalism — and the health of the middle class in this capitalist country. The question, then, is whether or not capitalism seems to be improving American lives. If so, it'll remain dominant. If not, alternatives will look increasingly attractive. (Webmaster's comment: In Europe Democratic Socialism reigns supreme. Europeans live longer, happier, wealthier, healthier, more secure lives with less than 1/4 the murder and violence!)

4-8-19 Queerbaiting - exploitation or a sign of progress?
Ariana Grande stands accused of manipulating her gay fans by suggesting in one of her songs that she may be bisexual. So what is so-called queerbaiting? Grande's new song, a collaboration with friend Victoria Monét called Monopoly, claimed the number one spot on the iTunes chart 24 hours after its release. But a particular lyric, in which Grande sings of liking "women and men" has added scrutiny to the customary buzz that now follows the American singer. Some fans have celebrated it as an expression of bisexuality. Others, however, have levelled charges of queerbaiting, which is the practice of using hints of sexual ambiguity to tease an audience. "Queerbaiting isn't new but it's implications are as powerful as ever", said Julia Himberg, professor of film and media studies at Arizona State University and author of the book The New Gay for Pay: The Sexual Politics of American Television Production. Prof Himberg and other experts on queerbaiting say it was born out of fandom in the early 2010s. Devotees of shows like Supernatural and The 100 - both from the CW television network - and BBC's Sherlock took to Tumblr and other social platforms to debate the apparent subtext of LGBT relationships between characters. "They're falsely leading us on," says Eve Ng, professor of media and women and gender studies at Ohio University. "Viewers feel misled... making us think you're actually going to deliver a satisfying narrative but it doesn't turn out." The accusation is that these plots are a calculated strategy. "This is about also targeting multiple audience demographics where you're not offending a conservative audience and you're also signalling to an LGBTQ audience that you want them as well", says Professor Himberg.

4-8-19 European nationalists form alliance for elections
European nationalist parties have announced an alliance, with the aim of changing the balance of power in the European Union. Italy's Deputy Prime Minister Matteo Salvini of the right-wing League party announced the venture on Monday at a news conference in Milan. He was joined by Germany's far-right AfD, the Finns Party and the Danish People's Party - fellow nationalists. They are campaigning in the European Parliament elections on 23-26 May. Competing in different countries, they plan to form a parliamentary group - the European Alliance for People and Nations - to challenge the power of centrist parties. Alternative for Germany (AfD) chairman Jörg Meuthen said at least 10 parties would take part. "We want to reform the European Union and the European Parliament, without destroying them," he said. "We want to bring radical change." Under parliament rules, a group has to consist of at least 25 MEPs from a minimum of seven EU countries. The EU has 28 member states. The AfD is Germany's main opposition party and has drawn much controversy. UK politician Jacob Rees-Mogg was recently forced to defend a tweet linking to a speech by one of it members. Quizzed about associating with the far-right party, Mr Salvini said: "We are not interested in local controversies". Speaking under a banner reading "a common sense Europe! Peoples rise up", Mr Salvini said the alliance hopes to become the largest group in the European Parliament, and aims to preserve Europe's external borders, history and culture. Currently, nationalist and Eurosceptic groups are among the smallest in the European Parliament, numbering several dozen members. But support has grown for nationalist, anti-immigration parties since the 2014 election, so the May vote could significantly change Europe's top legislative body. (Webmaster's comment: The White Supremacists and neo-Nazis are gaining in strength all across Europe.)

4-5-19 US acknowledges civilian deaths in Somalia drone strike
The US has admitted that a woman and child were killed by an American drone strike in Somalia last April. It marks the first time America has admitted to causing civilian casualties during its air campaign in Somalia. Only weeks ago, the US had denied claims by rights group Amnesty International that 14 civilians were killed in five separate raids. The US began an air war against al-Shabab militants in 2011 under the direction of President Obama. Since the election of Donald Trump, the number of strikes has risen sharply. According to official figures, 110 air strikes have been carried out against militants in the past two years. The US had earlier said that the attacks had killed 800 people, none of them civilians. But at a press conference on Friday, military officials said an internal review had been conducted following Amnesty's report, questions from Congress, and a spike in strikes. The review was ordered by General Thomas Waldhauser, head of US Africa Command (Africom). It reportedly identified a "break down in reporting" which meant new information was not reported to Africom, leading commanders to make erroneous claims about civilian casualties. In a statement, Africom said the strike last April was not one of those flagged by Amnesty. It added that four al-Shabab militants had also been killed. "Trust and credibility are central to our operations," said General Gregg Olson, Africom director of operations. "If an innocent loss of life occurs, we are committed to being transparent and learning from this regrettable incident to prevent future occurrences." The BBC contacted Africom and asked if any compensation will be given by the US for the deaths. In response, a spokesperson said Africom was "working with [the US embassy] in Somalia on a way forward". (Webmaster's comment: Killing innocent civilians is essential to our military's goal of creating terror in countries we are not even at war with!)

4-5-19 Ethiopian Airlines crash: Boeing reduces 737 production
Boeing is temporarily cutting production of its best-selling 737 airliner in the continuing fall-out from crashes in Ethiopia and Indonesia. Production will drop from 52 planes a month to 42 from mid-April, Boeing has said in a statement. The decision is a response to a halt in deliveries of the 737 Max - the model involved in the two accidents. The plane is currently grounded as preliminary findings suggest its anti-stall system was at fault. An Ethiopian Airlines 737 Max crashed only minutes after take-off from Addis Ababa in March, killing all 157 people on board. The same type flown by the Indonesian airline Lion Air crashed into the sea only five months earlier, shortly after taking off from Jakarta. That accident claimed the lives of 189 people. In both cases, preliminary findings showed the pilots had wrestled with the anti-stall system, known as MCAS, which caused the planes to nose-dive repeatedly. A report from the Ethiopian authorities issued on Thursday said the pilots of flight ET302 "repeatedly" followed procedures recommended by Boeing before the crash."We now know that the recent Lion Air Flight 610 and Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302 accidents were caused by a chain of events, with a common chain link being erroneous activation of the aircraft's MCAS function. We have the responsibility to eliminate this risk, and we know how to do it," the statement from Chief Executive Officer Dennis Muilenburg said. He repeated that Boeing was making progress on updating the MCAS software and finalising new training for Max pilots. "As we continue to work through these steps, we're adjusting the 737 production system temporarily to accommodate the pause in Max deliveries, allowing us to prioritise additional resources to focus on software certification and returning the Max to flight," he said. Current employment levels would be maintained, the statement said, and a new committee is being set up to look at "policies and processes for the design and development of the airplanes we build". (Webmaster's comment: Never forget that for most corporations it's profits first, SAFETY SECOND!)

4-5-19 Selling out to America’s gun lobby
In public, Australia’s far-right One Nation party supports our country’s popular and effective gun control laws, said Tory Shepherd. In private, it’s willing to do the bidding of America’s National Rifle Association for “cold, hard cash.” In footage recorded by an undercover Al Jazeera reporter, party official James Ashby tells an NRA representative that One Nation could “own” the Australian Parliament with $20 million in donations. The NRA loathes the firearms restrictions that Australia introduced after a 1996 massacre because they are held up as a model of success by U.S. gun control advocates. At another point in the video, the NRA official says his organization tries to “shame” gun control advocates with lines like “How dare you stand on the graves of those children to put forward your political agenda?” Queensland One Nation leader Steve Dickson responds with glee, saying, “I love that.” Ashby and Dickson now say they were “on the sauce” when the video was recorded. But “how many scotches do you drink before you joke about using dead children for propaganda and taking millions of dollars to relax gun laws?” One Nation says it works for “everyday Australians,” but it’s willing to endanger Australian lives for cash. The party’s hypocrisy is “breathtaking.”

4-5-19 Voters seduced by a false messiah
The Netherlands’ new populist “messiah” is “as fascinating as he is frightening,” said Stevo Akkerman. Thierry Baudet won a stunning upset victory in Senate elections last week. His Forum for Democracy party—founded only three years ago—went from zero to 13 seats and is now the biggest party in the legislature’s upper house. A former academic, the telegenic Baudet, 36, is remarkable for his total self-confidence: He once described himself as the Netherlands’ most important intellectual. And unlike fellow populist Geert Wilders, who relies mainly on hate speech, Baudet has the ability to inspire his followers with soaring philosophical rhetoric. Few would have picked up on the literary and biblical references in his victory speech, but his lament about a spiritual vacuum clearly touched a chord with citizens disillusioned by today’s vision-free technocratic politicians. Painting an apocalyptic vision of a white culture undermined by immigration and climate change activism, he spoke of the sun setting on “the greatest civilization ever,” a sunset that will be checked, he implied, now that he’s on the scene. One can admire Baudet for being willing to tackle big themes. But the idea of returning to a “glorified past,” with salvation reserved for his chosen group of white nationalists, won’t do. “In such a paradise the snake is never far away.”

4-5-19 Coup celebration
Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro this week ordered his country’s armed forces to commemorate the 55th anniversary of the coup that ousted a leftist president and ushered in 21 years of bloody military dictatorship. A federal judge tried to block the celebration, but a higher court said it could proceed. Bolsonaro, a far-right former army captain, sees the coup as a strike against communism. But many lawmakers, as well as Brazilians imprisoned and tortured by the dictatorship, were appalled by the commemoration. The attorney general’s office issued a scathing statement denouncing the president’s command and calling the 1964 coup “a violent and antidemocratic rupture of the constitutional order.”

4-5-19 Still using outhouses
Russia has the worst sanitation facilities in the developed world, with a fifth of households—some 35 million people—lacking access to indoor toilets. A study by Rosstat, the federal statistics service, found that the problem is worst in rural areas, where two-thirds of households have no indoor toilets or reliable hot water. Most of those households use outhouses or pit toilets. Poverty is widespread outside of Moscow. The Russian Presidential Academy of the National Economy says 22 percent of Russians can’t buy anything beyond basic staples needed for subsistence. President Vladimir Putin has set a goal of cutting the poverty rate in half by the end of his current presidential term in 2024. (Webmaster's comment: 35 million people without indoor toilets is nothing. India has over 500 million with only outdoor pits.)

4-5-19 Gays to be stoned to death
Brutal new punishments for adultery and homosexuality went into effect in Brunei this week as part of the kingdom’s gradual implementation of sharia law. Adulterers and men found guilty of having sex with other men will be stoned to death, lesbian sex will be punished with 40 lashes, and thieves will have their right hand amputated on a first offense. Brunei, an oil-rich former British protectorate with a population of about 400,000, has been ruled by Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah for more than 50 years, and an insider told Fox News that the sultan fears the rise of radical Islam and enacted the laws to appease Islamists. Actor George Clooney is calling for a boycott of Brunei-owned properties in the U.S. and Europe, including the popular Beverly Hills Hotel.

4-5-19 The French pilot who became a hero at Entebbe
Air France pilot Michel Bacos had just commenced on the second leg of a flight from Tel Aviv to Paris on June 27, 1976, when the unthinkable happened. Eight minutes after taking off from Athens, Bacos heard screams coming from the passenger cabin. At first, he thought there was a fire on board, but when the chief engineer opened the cockpit door to investigate, he found himself staring down the barrel of a gun. Two Palestinian and two far-left German hijackers forced Bacos to fly the plane and its 248 passengers and 12 crew members to Benghazi, Libya, and then on to Entebbe, Uganda, where they were held in a decrepit airport terminal. Three days later, the hijackers released 150 passengers, but kept the Israelis and those with Jewish-sounding surnames captive. Bacos and his crew were told they could leave, but they refused. “This was a matter of conscience, professionalism, and morality,” Bacos said. “I couldn’t imagine leaving behind even a single passenger.” When the terrorists ordered the Jews separated from the rest of the passengers during that crisis, Bacos insisted on being allowed to move between the two groups, said The Washington Post. “I’m responsible for all the passengers,” he told the militants, “be they Israeli or not.” Bacos and the remaining captives were freed after six days in a daring raid by Israeli commandos, said The New York Times. Three passengers died during the operation as well as an Israeli soldier, Lieut. Col. Yonatan Netanyahu, the elder brother of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. On the flight back to Israel, the soldiers honored Bacos by inviting him to sit in the cockpit. He was later decorated by both France and Israel for his bravery, but always insisted he had simply done what was right. “I fought the Nazis,” he said. “I knew precisely what fascism was all about.”

4-5-19 The dangers of edible marijuana
Pot-infused brownies, gummy bears, and other cannabis “edibles” are often portrayed as a fun and harmless way to ingest cannabis, but a new study suggests that eating weed may be more dangerous than smoking or vaping the drug. Researchers looked at thousands of marijuana-related emergency room visits in Denver from 2014, when the drug was legalized in Colorado, to 2016, reports The New York Times. While edibles represented only 0.3 percent of the total weight sold of THC—the psychoactive compound in weed—they accounted for 10 percent of cannabis-linked ER admissions. Patients displayed markedly different symptoms depending on how they’d consumed the drug. Nearly half of the patients who’d taken edibles complained of intoxication, compared with less than a third of those who’d smoked marijuana. Those who used edibles were also more likely to experience acute psychiatric symptoms and cardiovascular issues such as an irregular heartbeat. The scientists say the most likely reason for the disparity is that ingested weed takes longer to produce a high than smoked cannabis does, so users think the drug isn’t working and take more. Lead author Andrew Monte notes that the only three deaths in Colorado that have been definitively linked to marijuana—two suicides and a murder—all involved edibles. “States moving to liberalize cannabis policy,” he says, “should consider keeping edibles out of the recreational marketplace.”

4-5-19 Kosher Pot
Some cannabis growers in California are paying Jewish rabbis to certify their products as kosher. Because the federal government still considers marijuana illegal, growers cannot apply for labels such as “Organic” or “GMO free.” That’s why growers are asking for kosher certification from rabbinical authorities, said Josh Drayton of the California Cannabis Industry Association. “Folks deserve to know that what they’re consuming is healthy.”

4-5-19 US revokes visa of International Criminal Court prosecutor
The US has revoked the entry visa for the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), Fatou Bensouda. The decision is thought to be the US response to Ms Bensouda's investigation into possible war crimes by American forces and their allies in Afghanistan. The US secretary of state had warned the US might refuse or revoke visas to any ICC staff involved in such probes. Ms Bensouda's office said the ICC prosecutor would continue to her duties "without fear or favour". Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said: "If you're responsible for the proposed ICC investigation of US personnel in connection with the situation in Afghanistan, you should not assume that you will still have or get a visa, or that you will be permitted to enter the United States. "We're prepared to take additional steps, including economic sanctions if the ICC does not change its course," he added. A 2016 report from the ICC said there was a reasonable basis to believe the US military had committed torture at secret detention sites in Afghanistan operated by the CIA, and that the Afghan government and the Taliban had committed war crimes. The US, which has been critical of the ICC since it was established, is among dozens of nations not to have joined the court. The court investigates and brings to justice people responsible for genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes, intervening when national authorities cannot or will not prosecute. The ICC was established by a UN treaty in 2002, and has been ratified by 123 countries, including the UK. However several countries, including China, India, and Russia, have refused to join. (Webmaster's comment: The United states military has been guilty of war crimes, rape, torture, and murder of civilians and military personnel, in every war starting with the Spansh-American war in the Phillippines in 1898. The guilty military personnel should be arrested, tried, convicted and imprisoned or executed as appropriate.)

4-5-19 Rwanda genocide: Macron orders probe of France's role
French President Emmanuel Macron has appointed a panel of experts to investigate France's role in Rwanda's genocide 25 years ago. An estimated 800,000 Rwandans, most from the minority Tutsi community, were killed by ethnic Hutu extremists over 100 days in 1994. Rwanda has accused France of complicity in the mass killings - a charge repeatedly denied by Paris. The experts will now consult archives to analyse France's role. Looking at the period from 1990 to 1994, it is hoped that the findings made by the eight historians and researchers will "contribute to a better understanding and knowledge" of what happened, the presidency said in a statement. It was the shooting down of his plane over the capital Kigali in April 1994 that triggered the genocide. Rwanda has accused France of ignoring or missing warning signs and of training the militias who carried out the attacks. It also says French forces helped some of the perpetrators to escape. The issue has long strained relations between the two countries, though they have improved over the past decade. Mr Macron turned down an invitation to attend genocide commemorations in Rwanda this weekend, citing scheduling problems. (Webmaster's comment: Why do our militaries have such enormous power over all of us even in free countries? We need them put them under strict civilian command and control!)

4-5-19 The city battling over a homeless shelter
A new homeless shelter has been proposed in San Francisco, and some local residents are not happy. The proposed centre will provide 200-beds in a city with more than 7,000 homeless people. (Webmaster's comment: Why? More hate for "other" people!)

4-5-19 Plans for Bosnia's first Pride parade prompt backlash
An announcement by activists in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH) that the first official LGBT parade will take place in the capital Sarajevo on 8 September has attracted mixed response on social media but very little official comment. Vladana Vasic, one of the organisers, announced the Coming Out Now parade at a midday news conference on 1 April because "it is High Noon in this country when it comes to LGBTIQ people's rights". Another organiser, Lejla Huremovic, said Pride parades were a powerful political tool to achieve quick changes in the fight for "freedom of all individuals and groups which face discrimination and violence and which are excluded from society in any way", Radio Sarajevo news portal reported. Sarajevo authorities have denied permission for similar marches and protests on several occasions. The government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, one of the two entities which make up the country, in October 2018 endorsed the legalisation of same-sex marriages. According to Bosnian Federation Prime Minister Fadil Novalic, the decision was part of BH's EU accession process. Local media have noted that politicians for the most part failed to comment on the parade announcement. Samra Cosovic-Hajdarevic, a deputy of the Party of Democratic Action (SDA) in Sarajevo Canton, drew criticism when she described the march as a "terrible" idea aimed at "destroying the state and its people" on her Facebook page. In a post which was subsequently removed, she said she wanted "such people to be isolated and moved as far as possible from our children and society". The SDA branch of Sarajevo Canton issued a statement urging organisers and Sarajevo Canton authorities to abandon plans for the parade.

4-4-19 Gay conversion therapy: 'I thought being straight would make me happy'
After struggling to reconcile her sexuality and her religion, Shulli spent over a year undergoing gay conversion therapy. “I just want to be straight and that's the only reason I'm here.” I closed my eyes and clenched my fists; although we were sat opposite each other face to face, I avoided the therapist’s gaze. But I focused intently on his words: “So, your mother worked, you say?" I nodded. That was followed by, “You must feel anxious around boys. Why is that?” I gritted my teeth in response and stayed silent. I was always terrified before each session as I trudged up the stairs to his office - nervous someone might see me and realise why I was there. I never fully relaxed, my back stiff and my body tense the whole time. I looked up, trusting him, and he seemed to take that as a sign to continue. Now, he was asking me to describe how I felt when I saw a girl I fancied in the gym. “I had butterflies in my stomach,” I said. He nodded and then started asking me to analyse why I felt that sense of anxious excitement. Perhaps my inability to feel attracted to men was because I was actually worried they didn’t like me, he suggested. I sighed. I didn’t know what I felt anymore - except numb, and trapped. No, this wasn’t a bad dream. Instead, I was in the throes of the gay conversion therapy that would dominate my early 20s and leave me forever changed. I was convinced then that I had to be straight to be happy. As a Modern Orthodox Jew, I was desperate to lead what I thought was a ‘normal’ life - getting married to a ‘good Jewish boy’, having a family - and being accepted by my religious community. While many liberal reform Jewish people accept homosexuality nowadays, some Orthodox Jews still oppose it on the grounds that it is said to be forbidden by religious teachings. Sitting there in the therapist’s office, I reluctantly tried to engage in his quest to find a root cause for my sexuality. Naively, I thought the pain of picking apart my childhood and subjecting my parents to scrutiny was worth it because, I believed, I was going to come out the other side as a straight woman. That was all I wanted back then. Now, six years later, I’m much happier with who I am - though I find it hard to trust people, and I tend to over-analyse things in relationships. But one positive has come out of this – my parents are now my biggest supporters. My dad, wracked with guilt over how badly the therapy seemed to have affected me, was the first one to tell me to stop it and experiment with the gay world. Having their support gave me the strength to move forward with my life. (Webmaster's comment: Gay conversion therapy is a great evil. Stop or you could be messed up forever!)

4-4-19 Mormon church pledges to reverse its anti-LGBT policy
The Mormon church has pledged to roll back a series of anti-LGBT policies introduced four years ago. In a surprise move, the Utah-based religious group said it would no longer ban the children of gay parents from being baptised. Gay marriage will also no longer be treated as an offence worthy of expulsion. Around 1,500 people reportedly left the church in protest when its anti-LGBT polices were rolled out in 2015. Members of the church worship Jesus Christ, but have substantial differences in belief to the Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox Christian denominations. Known as the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, it claims 16m members worldwide. Its followers include 2012 US Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney. The new "positive policies" were announced on Thursday by church leader Dallin Oaks at a conference in Salt Lake City. The group said it would allow children of LGBT parents to be baptised so long as they had parental approval. As part of the changes gay marriage would also be considered "a serious transgression" but not an "act of apostasy". "Instead, the immoral conduct in heterosexual or homosexual relationships will be treated in the same way," the group added. Mr Oaks said the changes sought to "reduce the hate and contention so common today," but he insisted they did not represent a shift in church doctrine on marriage, chastity and morality. These latest policy reversals are the biggest moves yet by church president Russell Nelson, who took office last year. For the followers of the church, the president is a prophet who receives divine revelations. (Webmaster's comment: One look that their "prophet" and you can just see he radiates hate!)

4-4-19 Street cannabis 'contains dangerous amount of faecal matter'
Cannabis resin sold on the streets of Madrid is contaminated with dangerous levels of faecal matter, a study says. Traces of E.coli bacteria and the Aspergillus fungus were found by analysts who examined 90 samples bought in and around the Spanish capital. The samples of hashish were wrapped up in plastic "acorns" were the worst offenders, reportedly because of the way they are smuggled into the country. Some 40% of these also had the aroma of faeces, the study's lead author said. Buying, selling and importing cannabis is against the law in Spain, as is using it in public - although it is technically legal to grow it for personal use, provided it is not publicly visible, and to consume it in private. José Manuel Moreno Pérez, a pharmacologist from the Universidad Complutense in Madrid, collected hashish samples (also referred to as hash or resin) directly from street dealers, both in the city and the surrounding suburbs. The aim was to determine whether the drugs sold were suitable for human consumption. His research team then separated the contaminated samples by shape, with some of them resembling "acorns" and others "ingots", to see if one shape had more contaminates than the other. The study, co-authored with Pilar Pérez-Lloret, Juncal González-Soriano and Inmaculada Santos Álvarez, has been published in the journal Forensic Science International. They found that 93% of the acorn-shaped samples contained dangerous levels of E.coli bacteria, as did 29.4% of the ingot samples. Some 10% of the cannabis samples were also contaminated with Aspergillus, a dangerous fungus that can cause serious health problems. Most of the samples tested - 88.3% - were not suitable for consumption. Mr Pérez later explained the contamination - and the smell - to the Spanish newspaper El País.

4-3-19 The cost-free way to end the border rush
President Trump has cried wolf so many times on the "crisis" at the border that one could be forgiven for dismissing his latest warnings. But even if the situation at the border is not a full-fledged crisis, as his administration claims, there's no denying that a new rush of Central American asylum seekers has created a serious problem there. However, Trump's proposed remedies — shutting down the border and/or forcing Mexico to warehouse the desperate families — will cost America dearly, both in dollars and in a national sense of humanity. There is, however, an innovative and simple fix that won't cost American taxpayers a dime, will ensure that these folks won't just disappear into the dark night if allowed in, and will give authorities more time to investigate their asylum claims: Hand migrants temporary work visas right off the bat — but — make renewal dependent on them showing up for scheduled asylum hearings. Call this the MASHA (Make America Secure and Humane Again) visa solution. Border apprehensions reached a high of 1.6 million in 2000 and have been falling ever since. Last year, apprehensions hit a grand total of 400,000 — about 90,000 more than the previous year to be sure, but nowhere close to "crisis" levels. And yet, Trump upped his rhetoric of a wall and started taking children away from migrant moms, some of whom have yet to be reunited. But this year the uptick is significant. About 70,000 migrants were apprehended in February and around 100,000 in March alone. The vast majority are from Honduras, El Salvador, or Guatemala, where gang-related crime has reached epic proportions. This rush is straining border facilities. In El Paso, border stations are 300 to 400 percent overcapacity, forcing authorities to cram migrants, chattel like, in makeshift holding pens, without beds or blankets. One pen was located under a bridge and constructed of barbed wire.

4-3-19 The butterflies that could stop Trump’s wall
The obstacles to President Donald Trump's border wall are not confined to the four walls of Congress. As areas are cleared to start building new sections, some landowners, including a butterfly sanctuary, have sued to stop the construction. Marianna Trevino Wright sits on a bench near a wooded section of the National Butterfly Center and begins identifying animals. Scissortail flycatchers, green jays, olive sparrows and clay-coloured thrushes swoop by, pecking at oranges set out as a snack and splashing in a bubbling fountain. From the tree branches above, great-tailed grackles screech and whistle like avian car alarms. Closer to the earth, a menagerie of butterflies flit among the nearby flowering bushes. Zebra Heliconians and large orange sulfurs; queens and red-bordered pixies. Then there are the other sights and sounds at the centre. The hum of a US Department of Homeland Security helicopter high overhead. Border Patrol agents buzzing by on motorcycles and ATVs, their faces obscured by masks and goggles, pistols at their side. The rumble of trucks dragging tyres behind them, smoothing dusty roads so the footprints of interlopers can more easily be spotted. A government powerboat, with menacing .30-calibre machine guns on its deck, roaring down the river. The butterfly centre, of which Wright is the director, sits on 110 acres near the southern tip of Texas - an area of low-lying marshes, brush and scrub forests, offering a variety of ecosystems that provide ample habitat for migratory species of all shapes and sizes. It is also flush along the Rio Grande River, which forms more than 1,260 miles (2027 km) of the 2,000-mile border between the United States and Mexico. That puts the small, private environmental preserve in the centre of a raging debate over immigration and national security - and whether and where to build Donald Trump's oft-promised border wall. "It is a war zone," Wright says. "That's what the government wants it to appear to be. It's all theatre. So they've got to have all the actors, all the costumes and all the props."

4-3-19 Poll: 59 percent of voters have little or no trust in Trump on health care
President Trump wants to make the Republican Party the "party of health care." But a new poll suggests he has a lot of work to do. In a Politico/Morning Consult poll released on Wednesday, 59 percent of registered voters said they have little or no trust in Trump to protect the U.S. health-care system or make improvements to it. This includes 13 percent who said they have "not much" trust, and 46 percent said they have no trust at all. Another 18 percent said they have "some" trust in Trump, while 22 percent said they have "a lot" of trust. This isn't just a problem with Trump, though. When asked who they trust more to handle health care, 45 percent of voters said Democrats in Congress compared to 35 percent who said Republicans in Congress. And 53 percent said they have either "a lot" or "some" trust in Democrats on the issue, while 41 percent said the same for Republicans. Trump began a new health-care push last week when it was announced that his Justice Department was asking courts to strike down all of ObamaCare. Trump subsequently said Republicans would try again to come up with a replacement for the health-care law, although he said on Monday that a vote on any replacement would be put off until 2021, all but ensuring health care will become a key issue in the 2020 presidential election. Politico/Morning Consult's survey was conducted by speaking to 1,945 registered voters from March 29 - April 1. The margin of error is 2 percentage points.

4-3-19 The unexpected cruelty of sanctions
They're not a humanitarian alternative to war. Sometimes, as the leader of a global superpower, you very much want to coerce the behavior of another government, only to find your tedious public is not enthusiastic about the prospect of military intervention, probably because of the seven or so wars you're already fighting. A quandary!Luckily for you, sanctions are a politically viable option instead. Especially when targeted at specific industries, state agencies, or officials, sanctions are cast as a shrewd and humane alternative to open conflict. We can make life difficult for corrupt politicians or halt oil sales or limit military build-up without hurting ordinary people, who likely have little control over their leaders' choices. All the coercion, none of the humanitarian consequences. It sounds good in theory. It sounds clean and altruistic, foreign policy without the bloodshed. And though it's obviously true that sanctions do not mete out the direct damage of airstrikes or invasion, they are not the humanitarian alternative they're often made out to be. Even targeted sanctions can have grave unintended consequences for innocent civilians, as present circumstances in Iran and Venezuela reveal. Drenched in heavy rains and spring snow melt, Iran is flooding. The country has suffered three major floods in the past two weeks, with 23 of 31 provinces affected as of this writing. Hundreds of villages and several cities are submerged. "In [the provincial capital city of] Khorramabad the water has risen by as much as three meters in parts," state media reported Monday, and some areas are "completely submerged with residents stranded on their rooftops." Tens of thousands of people have been displaced, and dozens have died. The death toll could well grow, partly because international aid has been limited. "Two weeks into devastating floods that have caused tremendous losses and damages across Iran, there is still no report about other countries extending help," reports Radio Farda, a Persian-language subsidiary of the U.S.-funded Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. To all appearances, "European states as well as Iran's neighbors, particularly the wealthy Persian Gulf states, have also not made any official offers of help," the story says, some Turkish charities excepted. More help is not forthcoming, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said, because "challenges caused by unilateral sanctions will affect the U.N. response and the accountability of the U.N. to deliver the appropriate support." The unilateral sanctions in question are those imposed by the Trump administration following President Trump's decision to withdraw the United States from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), commonly known as the Iran nuclear deal.

4-3-19 Paul McAuley: British environmental activist found dead in Peru
A British environmental activist and Catholic missionary has been found dead at a hostel in Peru. The body of Paul McAuley, 71, was discovered by students on Tuesday in the Amazon city of Iquitos. In a statement, the religious order that Mr McAuley belonged to said that his body had been burned. An investigation has been launched and officials are questioning six people who lived at the youth hostel, which was run by Mr McAuley. The activist, who was born in Portsmouth, had lived in the country for more than 20 years and was awarded an MBE for setting up a school in a poor community of the capital, Lima. He came to international attention in 2010 when the Peruvian government ordered his expulsion. He was accused of inciting unrest among indigenous people for protesting against environmental destruction. It led hundreds of people to demonstrate in support of him and and he eventually won the right to stay after a lengthy court battle. Environmental groups were quick to pay tribute to Mr McAuley. "It has been a privilege to meet and work with Brother Paul," Julia Urrunaga, who works for the Environmental Investigation Agency in Peru, said in a tweet. Mr McAuley first travelled to the Peruvian Amazon in 2000 to support indigenous activists. In 2010, he told the BBC that he hoped to teach Peruvians about their environmental and human rights. "Education is often accused of inciting people to understand their rights, to be capable or organising themselves to ensure their human rights," he said. "If that's a crime, then yes I'm guilty," he added. "As a member of a Catholic order, my life's been dedicated to human and Christian education." (Webmaster's comment: There are many Christian heroes and here's another!)

4-3-19 Paris transgender woman 'humiliated' at protest
A transgender woman has spoken out after a video went viral of her being attacked near a rally in central Paris against Algeria's ailing president. Julia has described being targeted by three men in the Place de la République. "You're a man, you're not going anywhere, you're not coming past," she was told, as she was pushed and punched while trying get through the crowd. Prosecutors have opened an inquiry into the attack. Appearing on French TV and radio, Julia said she had never experienced anything quite like it. "The violence against this [transgender] community takes place every day. But some people won't have the strength that I have and they'll be destroyed by these attacks," she said. Julia, 31, was set upon on Sunday as she walked up steps at the metro station in the Place de la République. A big rally was taking place in the square against Abdelaziz Bouteflika, Algeria's long-ruling 82-year-old president, who has since announced his resignation. Wearing a black-and-white striped blouse, Julia was blocked by protesters who taunted her in Arabic. One man ruffled here hair, while a girl draped in an Algerian flag came to try to help Julia. After the girl moved on, a man repeatedly punched Julia while another could be seen kicking at her. Transport police then intervened and led the victim to safety. However, French group Stop Homophobie said the transport officers had called her "Monsieur" and told her "not to dress like that". Video of the attack has gone viral in France, and Julia then decided to give her account of what had happened. "I wanted to go down and take the metro. Three people were blocking my way, and one said: 'Oh but actually you're a man - we won't let you through,'" she told France Inter radio.

4-3-19 Chicago elects Lori Lightfoot as first female black mayor
The US city of Chicago has made history by electing an African-American woman as its mayor for the first time. Lori Lightfoot is a former federal prosecutor who has not held political office before. She fought off competition from 13 other candidates and dominated the final run-off election with more than 74% when the vote was called. Ms Lightfoot is also the city's first gay mayor and celebrated on-stage with her wife and daughter. "Out there tonight a lot of little girls and boys are watching. They're watching us. And they're seeing the beginning of something, well, a little bit different," she told a crowd celebrating her victory on Wednesday night. The 56-year-old was viewed as an outsider to the race, and campaigned on a platform to end political corruption and help lower-income families. Gun crime and policing were also high on the agenda in a city plagued by high levels of gang violence and murder. Ms Lightfoot previously led the city's police accountability task force. The body was set up after the death of a 17-year-old named Laquan McDonald at the hands of a police officer in 2014 and subsequent alleged cover-up. She also headed the Chicago Police Board, a civilian oversight body that disciplines police officers. Her final victory came on Wednesday in a run-off vote against Toni Preckwinkle - another African-American woman. Ms Lightfoot joins a growing rank of record breakers being elected to high-profile mayoral office across the country. Seven other US cities including Atlanta, New Orleans and San Francisco are now also led by black women. She will take over office from Mayor Rahm Emanuel, who previously served as chief of staff under former President Barack Obama.

4-3-19 Brunei implements stoning to death under anti-LGBT laws
Brunei is introducing strict new Islamic laws that make anal sex and adultery offences punishable by stoning to death. The new measures, that come into force on Wednesday, also cover a range of other crimes including punishment for theft by amputation. The move has sparked international condemnation. Brunei's gay community has expressed shock and fear at the "medieval punishments". "You wake up and realise that your neighbours, your family or even that nice old lady that sells prawn fritters by the side of the road doesn't think you're human, or is okay with stoning," one Bruneian gay man, who did not want to be identified, told the BBC. The sultan of the small South-East Asian nation on Wednesday called for "stronger" Islamic teachings. "I want to see Islamic teachings in this country grow stronger," Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah said in a public address, according to AFP news agency, without mentioning the new laws. Homosexuality was already illegal in Brunei and punishable by up to 10 years in prison. Muslims make up about two-thirds of the country's population of 420,000. Brunei has retained the death penalty but has not carried out an execution since 1957. The law mostly applies to Muslims, including children who have reached puberty, though some aspects will apply to non-Muslims. Under the new laws, individuals accused of certain acts will be convicted if they confess or if there were witnesses present. Offences such as rape, adultery, sodomy, robbery and insult or defamation of the Prophet Muhammad will carry the maximum penalty of death. Lesbian sex carries a different penalty of 40 strokes of the cane and/or a maximum of 10 years in jail. The punishment for theft is amputation. Those who "persuade, tell or encourage" Muslim children under the age of 18 "to accept the teachings of religions other than Islam" are liable to a fine or jail. Individuals who have not reached puberty but are convicted of certain offences may be instead subjected to whipping. (Webmaster's comment: Notice it's never atheists who impose or support such laws. It's always the religious that do!)

4-2-19 Nebraska grandmother acts as surrogate for gay son
A 61-year-old Nebraskan woman has told of her joy after giving birth to her own grandchild, acting as the surrogate for her son and his husband. Cecile Eledge carried the daughter of her son Matthew Eledge and his husband Elliot Dougherty to term, giving birth to baby Uma Louise last week. Mrs Eledge said she made the offer when her son and Mr Dougherty first said they wanted to start a family. "Of course, they all laughed," Mrs Eledge told the BBC. Mrs Eledge, who was 59 at the time, said her suggestion remained a sort of joke among family at first, not a realistic path forward. "It just seemed like a really beautiful sentiment on her part," Mr Dougherty said. "She's such a selfless woman." But when Mr Eledge and Mr Dougherty, who live in Omaha close to Mrs Eledge and her husband, began exploring options to have a baby they were told by a fertility doctor that it could be a viable option. Mrs Eledge was brought in for an interview and a series of tests, all of which gave a green light to the surrogacy. "I'm very health conscious," she said. "There was no reason whatsoever to doubt that I could carry the baby." With Mr Eledge providing the sperm, Mr Dougherty's sister Lea served as the egg donor. Mr Dougherty, who works as a hairdresser, said that while straight couples may consider IVF the last resort, for them it was their "only hope" for a biological child. "We always knew we had to be unique and think outside the box with this," Mr Eledge, a public school teacher, added. (Webmaster's comment: This is truly wonderful, but the haters in many religions will have severe problems with it.)

4-2-19 Ange Dibenesha: Death of black man in custody sparks online storm
A major controversy has erupted over the death of a young black man after he was detained by police in Paris. Ange Dibenesha, 31, was arrested in the French capital on Wednesday evening after his car was stopped by police. His family said they heard nothing from him until they received a phone call from a local hospital on Friday, informing them that he was brain dead. An autopsy revealed he died of heart failure. Police said he swallowed an unknown substance during his arrest. (Webmaster's comment: Maybe, Maybe Not!) News of Mr Dibenesha's death, which was formally announced on Sunday, was met with anger online, with social media users demanding an explanation using the hashtag #JusticePourAnge. As the demands mounted, many French people drew parallels to the death of young black men in police custody in the US – a catalyst for the Black Lives Matter movement. (Webmaster's comment: Police murdering blacks is a worldwide problem!)

4-1-19 Harry Potter books burned by Polish priests alarmed by magic
Catholic priests in northern Poland have burned books they consider to be sacrilegious, including ones from the Harry Potter boy wizard series. An evangelical group, the SMS from Heaven Foundation, published pictures of the burning - which took place in the city of Gdansk - on Facebook. They also show an elephant figurine and a tribal mask burning on the book pile. The Facebook post justifies the bonfire with Bible quotes condemning magic. The group sends Christian messages via SMS. A passage from Acts, quoted in the group's post, says "many of those who had practiced magic collected their books and burned them in front of everyone. So they calculated their value and found it to be fifty thousand pieces of silver". Another passage, from Deuteronomy, says: "Burn the images of their gods. Don't desire the silver or the gold that is on them and take it for yourself, or you will be trapped by it. That is detestable to the Lord your God." (Webmaster's comment: Coming soon to a church or religious group near you!)

4-1-19 What happens if Trump closes the border?
President Donald Trump is threatening to close the US border with Mexico in an extreme bid to cut down on illegal migration and drug-smuggling. He has said there is a "very good likelihood" that he will take the action this week. But what would happen to people, and to trade, if this were to go ahead? Mexico is the United States' third-largest trading partner after Canada and China, so the impact would be widespread and immediate. And the anticipated avocado shortages would just be one part of it. Yes, says Matthew Dallek, an associate professor at George Washington University's Graduate School of Political Management in Washington DC. "The president has wide latitude to control the flow of people and goods coming into the US," he says. However, President Trump has vowed to close the border "for a long time" and this is where he might run into more difficulty, as there are likely to be multiple legal challenges on behalf of people and interests that are affected. Mr Dallek compares it to President Trump's travel ban (often referred to as the Muslim ban), which he issued - via executive order - shortly after taking office. Its purpose was to stop refugees and people from several mainly Muslim countries from entering the US. The move was challenged in court. "There would be far more chaos if the border was shut," says Mr Dallek. "You would have a pile-up of people and goods, and major political pressure. It would be unsustainable. He would be forced to retreat and reopen it, or the courts would step in." "It is a bit like a murder-suicide," says Andrew Selee, the president of the Migration Policy Institute, a think tank that describes itself as non-partisan. "You can hold a gun to the Mexican government, but it ricochets right back on to the US economy." Paolo Marinaro, a postdoctoral scholar at the Center for Global Workers' Rights at Pennsylvania State University, agrees. "US and Mexico are highly integrated economies," he says. "Closing the border wouldn't affect only the US or Mexican workers, it would rather have massive effects on the global economy." He cites the automobile industry as a prime example. "The sector employs more than one million workers in Mexico. And Mexico is the third largest global exporter of cars, providing cheap labour to global corporations," says Mr Marinaro. Mexico's Foreign Minister, Marcelo Ebrard, tweeted on Friday that the country will "not act on the basis of threats". Many Mexicans and US citizens live and work across the two countries. Many are enrolled in programmes - such as the Trusted Traveller Programme - that allow them to fast-track immigration lines. "It would throw a huge monkey wrench into people's lives if this were suddenly stopped," says Mr Selee, who is also the author of a book called Vanishing Frontiers, about the countries' deep links. Steve Barnard, president and chief executive of Mission Produce, the largest distributor and grower of avocados in the world, said: "You couldn't pick a worse time of year because Mexico supplies virtually 100% of the avocados in the US right now. "California is just starting and they have a very small crop, but they're not relevant right now and won't be for another month or so." Mexico also exports tomatoes, cucumbers, blackberries and raspberries to the US. "We're absolutely going to see higher prices," said Monica Ganley from Quarterra, a consultancy specialising in Latin American agricultural issues and trade. "This is a very real and very relevant concern for American consumers." (Webmaster's comment: Trump and his supporters are IDIOTS!)

4-1-19 How Trump's border policies will make the migration problem worse
Border migration is a symptom, and Trump is ignoring the root cause. resident Trump is threatening to close the U.S. border with Mexico. He made the threat on Friday — a response to surging migrant arrivals at the border — then repeated it Saturday on Twitter. On Sunday, White House officials took to the morning news shows to make it clear he wasn't kidding. As White House counselor Kellyanne Conway said on Fox News, the president's threat "certainly isn't a bluff." Let us hope it is. Because shutting down the border probably wouldn't do much to curb illegal immigration. It will, however, have dramatic and disastrous consequences for America. As The Washington Post reports, it "would disrupt supply chains for major U.S. automakers, trigger swift price increases for grocery shoppers, and invite lawsuits against the federal government." Any reasonable U.S. politician would avoid such a catastrophe. But we're talking about Trump here, so anything is possible. Two things are worth noting. First, Trump's solution to the so-called "border crisis" is simply awful, as the Post's reporting points out. But perhaps more importantly, Trump is not even trying to solve the right problem. In the minds of Trump and nationalist advisers like Stephen Miller, the issue seems to be this: "They" want to come here. (Don't know who "they" are? The weekend Fox News chyron discussing "3 MEXICAN COUNTRIES" should probably give you a good idea.) But the surge of migrant families isn't actually the problem — it's a symptom. The real issue is that, in some countries south of the border, things are a mess — the kind of mess you and your family would probably also try to flee if you had few other choices. Here's how UNICEF USA described conditions in Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala late last year: "Crushing poverty. Endemic crime. Gang-related violence, extortion, and forced recruitment. High rates of domestic violence and sexual abuse of girls. Scarce social services. Limited opportunities to learn, or to earn a living. The desire of children to be with their parents, who are already working in the U.S." Migrants aren't headed to the United States for the sheer pleasure of angering Trump and his supporters. They're doing it to make better lives for themselves, and that is the most human of reasons. As long as conditions remain dire in those countries, people will try to flee. And they will flee in the direction of the most hope and opportunity. For now, that seems to be the United States. Naturally, the Trump administration announced it is cutting aid to those countries — punishing them for the conditions that have led to mass migration. This is actually the surest way to increase migration: That aid was being used to address the very problems causing people to flee. "It's a shooting-yourself-in-the-foot policy," one nonprofit official grumbled to Politico. Cutting off aid to Central America, then shutting down the border with Mexico, makes sense only if you completely reject the idea of enlightened self-interest. Trump, it seems, is capable of analyzing actions and transactions between people only in the narrowest sense of costs and benefits, winners and losers. We have no evidence that he believes in a "win-win" situation. So moving to help improve conditions in Honduras, Ecuador, and Guatemala makes no sense to the president as a good solution to mass migration — he can see such efforts only as sunk costs.

4-1-19 New Orleans mayor to apologise for 1891 lynching of Italian-Americans
The city of New Orleans has announced it will apologise for the lynching of 11 Italian-Americans in 1891. Some of the victims had been accused of murdering a police chief, but were acquitted after a trial. Angry about the verdict, a mob of racist vigilantes in the city attacked and publicly hanged them. Mayor LaToya Cantrell is due to apologise for the killing - believed to be the largest recorded lynching in US history - on 12 April. Commissioner David Hennessy - a police chief in New Orleans - was ambushed and killed by four men near his home in October 1890. It is thought that with his dying words, he blamed the attack on Italian immigrants. A large Italian community had moved to the city after the civil war and the abolition of slavery, to take up jobs that had formerly been done by slaves. Following Hennessy's death, officials rounded up Italian immigrants - according to some reports, they apprehended thousands. Nine men ended up going to trial in February and March the following year. Six of these men were acquitted, and the other three cases ended in a hung jury. Then on 14 March, a large mob stormed the jail where the men were being held, dragged them out and killed them. John Fratta, from the Order of the Sons of Italy, says the apology is about making people more aware of the episode - particularly because "they don't teach this in schools". (Webmaster's comment: The mass hanging of 38 Dakota indian men was conducted on December 26, 1862, in Mankato, Minnesota; it was the largest mass execution in United States history. And 3,446 black men, women and children were lynched in ther United States from 1882-1968. Many more were simply murdered.)

4-1-19 Uncovering Nazi massacre of Jews on Belarus building site
Slowly, gently even, young soldiers scrape away the dirt of decades from human bones. Tangled with the remains are shreds of cloth and the soles of shoes. They're uncovering a little-known chapter of the Holocaust on a construction site in western Belarus. The mass grave was discovered as building work began on an elite apartment block. Since then, specially trained soldiers have unearthed the remains of more than 1,000 Jews, killed when the city of Brest was occupied by Nazi Germany. "There are clear bullet holes in the skulls," says Dmitry Kaminsky. His military team usually searches for the bones of Soviet soldiers. Here they have removed the small skulls of teenagers instead, and a female skeleton with the remains of a baby, as if she'd been cradling it. Before World War Two, almost half the 50,000-strong population of Brest were Jews. Up to 5,000 men were executed shortly after the German invasion in June 1941. Those left were later crammed into a ghetto: several blocks of the city centre surrounded by barbed wire. In October 1942, the order came to wipe them out. They were herded on to freight trains and driven over 100km (62 miles) to a forest. At Bronnaya Gora, thousands were led to the edge of a vast pit and shot. It's thought the grave discovered within the old ghetto includes those who managed to hide at first, only to be rooted out. "When my parents returned, the city was half empty," Mikhail Kaplan says, flicking through black and white snapshots at his kitchen table. His mother and father only escaped the massacre because they were away when the Germans overran Brest. Mikhail's photographs are of aunts, uncles and cousins who were all killed. "My father never spoke about what happened, it was too painful. But my grandmother cried all the time remembering Lizochka, Lizochka," he recalls, reaching for a photograph picture of his Aunt Liza dressed up for a night out with friends. (Webmaster's comment: They are still finding mass graves of people murdered by the Nazis after 73 years. The Nazis killed so many people they will never find them all.)

78 Atheism News & Humanism News Articles
for April 2019

Atheism News & Humanism Articles for March 2019